Besides being more pleasing to the eye, clean white teeth can also indicate a healthy body. This of course can be obtained if you maintain dental hygiene. If you are lazy to maintain cleanliness, it is not impossible that teeth that were pure white will change color. Brown spots on the teeth are one of the conditions that you can experience if you are not diligent in brushing your teeth. So what exactly is the specific cause of the appearance of brown spots on the teeth and how to overcome them?
Causes of brown spots on teeth
Brown spots on the teeth or sometimes look like patches in various forms such as straight or irregular lines. This condition is caused not only by poor dental health but also by certain diseases. The following are various causes of brown spots on the teeth:
Nicotine is usually found in tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and various other types of tobacco. Now the nicotine contained in tobacco is one of the causes of the appearance of stains on the surface of the teeth. As a result, you will often see people who are heavy teeth smokers will look more dull and stained.
2. Colored food and drinks
Dark colored foods and drinks such as wine or coffee contain chemicals called chromogens. Over time this one chemical can stain the enamel (the protective layer of the outer teeth). As a result, stains on the teeth can become permanent. Especially if you are not diligent in cleaning it every day. Therefore, make sure to keep brushing your teeth twice a day, in the morning and evening.
3. Plaque and tartar
Plaque comes from food scraps that stick and are not cleaned. Especially if you eat sweet foods, bacteria will produce acids that can damage tooth enamel. Plaque that is not cleaned for a long time makes it harden for a long time until it finally forms tartar.
Usually, tartar makes the appearance of teeth yellow to brownish. If you have this, you can no longer eliminate it just by brushing your teeth but need to go to the doctor to be cleaned with special tools.
4. Tooth damage
When tooth enamel begins to erode, teeth will be vulnerable to damage. Plaques filled with bacteria continue to form and erode them. Acid formed from plaque also breaks tooth enamel and produces brown stains and cavities.
Teeth can experience small invisible holes and allow bacteria to enter and cause decay. When decay begins to occur, no more brown stains are seen. However, black spots will appear on the edges of dental fillings or crowns. Over time this small hole can become large and sensitive to hot food and drinks.
5. Enamel hypoplasia
Enamel or enamel hypoplasia results from teeth lacking enamel and derived from genetic and environmental factors. Usually this condition is caused by lack of vitamins, lack of nutrients during pregnancy, exposure to poisons, and various other factors. As a result, the appearance of the teeth is not as white as other normal people and often coarse brown and yellow spots appear.
As we get older, white e-mail that protects teeth slowly decreases. As a result, the yellow layer below began to appear. This process causes why many parents have a more dull tooth color, which is yellowish brown.
6. Celiac disease
Chocolate spots on the teeth are sometimes caused by celiac disease. Besides being a problem with dental hygiene, it turns out that these spots can arise due to celiac disease. Celiac disease is a condition when a person has more sensitivity to gluten or protein commonly found in flour. Well, brown spots on the teeth become one of the most common markers if you experience celiac, especially in children.
How do you remove brown spots on your teeth?
The following are various ways that can be practiced to eliminate and prevent the appearance of brown spots on the teeth, namely:
Brush teeth regularly
Quoted from Livestrong, Dr. Roger P. Levin, D.D.S., brushing teeth regularly can remove stains on the surface of your teeth. Using toothpaste with bleach can also help remove stains on the surface of the teeth if done for two to three times a day for several months.
Using baking soda
You can use the help of baking soda as a mixture to make pasta and apply it as a substitute for toothpaste. Do this method two to three times a week for maximum results.
Another way to get rid of brown spots on your teeth is by gargling. You can use hydrogen peroxide solution or antibacterial mouthwash. This mouthwash can remove plaque and kill bacteria that cause tooth decay. Don't forget to rinse your mouth with water after using mouthwash.
If the natural method is not satisfactory, you can do bleaching treatment at the dentist. The way this one is spelled instant but still lasts longer. The doctor will apply a stronger hydrogen-based gel. So that stubborn stains on the tooth layer will lift and make it whiter and cleaner.
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