Contraception has many types. One of them is a hormonal contraceptive in the form of a pill called a birth control pill. In Indonesia, birth control pills are marketed with a variety of brands: Andalan, Yasmin, and Diane. Equally effective in preventing pregnancy, what distinguishes the three?
If you are considering starting using KB, you should first read the full information below.
How effective are birth control pills to prevent pregnancy?
Birth control pills are one of the most effective methods of pregnancy prevention. If used perfectly according to the rules of use and taken regularly without ever being missed, the effectiveness of this hormone pill is reported to reach 99 percent. This means that out of 1,000 women who take this pill regularly, only less than ten people who "concede" are pregnant.
But this success rate must also consider other factors, such as forgetting to take a dose or running out of dose before you can refill. Errors in how to use or delay in dosing can reduce pill effectiveness by between 92-94 percent.
To be effective, you must pay attention to how you take your contraceptive pills — and drink as much as possible at the same time every day.
Overview of the mainstay, Yasmin and Diane birth control pills
Both the mainstay, Yasmin and Diane birth control pills have the same way of working to prevent pregnancy.
Birth control pills contain ethinylestradiol, a synthetic version of two hormones produced naturally in a woman's body: estrogen and progestin. Both of these hormones regulate a woman's menstrual cycle, and the ups and downs of these hormones play an important role in pregnancy.
The combination of these two hormones works in three steps: preventing the ovary from releasing the egg to prevent fertilization (ovulation), then changing the thickness of the cervical mucus to make it difficult for sperm to move into the uterus to find eggs . Finally, these pills change the lining of the uterine wall so that the fertilized egg is not possible to stick and be embedded in the uterus.
Both mainstay, Yasmin and Diane pills are equally effective at preventing pregnancy if taken perfectly following the guidelines for how to use it.
So, what's the difference between Andalan, Yasmin, and Diane birth control pills?
The difference between these three birth control pills lies in the type of progestin contained in them. Mainstay birth control pills contain progestin levonorgestrel, Yasmin pills contain progestin drospirenone, while Diane pills contain progestin cyproterone acetate.
Different types of progestin hormones can cause different side effects. Here's the difference.
Levonorgestrel in Mainstay pills is prone to causing acne because of its side effects which increase the androgen hormone in the body.
Levonorgestrel should only be used as emergency contraception, not for regular consumption. In some cases, this emergency birth control pill can cause irregular menstrual cycles; nausea and vomiting; weakness, dizziness, kliyengan, and headache; to stomach pain and diarrhea. But most of these side effects are temporary.
The best time to take this medicine is less than 12 hours and does not exceed three days after sexual intercourse. If it's three to five days past when you have sex, condar pills don't work to prevent pregnancy.
Drospirenone helps reduce the production of hormones that regulate water and electrolyte balance in the body and reduce androgen hormones.
Because it decreases the androgen hormone, drospirenone can reduce mild PMS symptoms such as increased appetite, bad mood, and flatulence due to water retention. birth control pills that have the progestin hormone drospirenone can also be used to treat acne.
Drospirenone can cause an increase in excessive potassium levels. Then Yasmin pills should not be used by women who have kidney problems, liver disease, or adrenal disease.
Diane pills containing progestin cyproteron acetate (CPA) can overcome the symptoms of hyperandrogens that many women of productive age experience. CPA is a synthetic hormone that works to inhibit the androgen receptor, thereby reducing the production of androgen hormones.
Decreasing androgen hormones in the body can reduce excess oil production on the skin and prevent acne inflammation. Hyperandrogenism can also cause excessive hair growth, called hirsutism.
If you are considering taking birth control pills, discuss further with your doctor to find out which is best for you.
- Rules of Use and How to Take the Right Birth Control Pills, According to the Brand
- Are There Side Effects to Taking Birth Control Pills in the Long Term?
- Forgot to take birth control pills, can you get pregnant? (And What You Need to Do)