Many people misinterpret the sitting wind as an ordinary cold. There are also those who say that people who are scraping can get exposed to the wind and cause death. However, this can only be a myth. In order not to be confused, it helps you understand first the difference in the sitting wind with colds, the cause of the sitting wind, the characteristics of the sitting wind, and the wind medicine sitting through the following explanation.
What is the sitting wind?
In medical language, sitting wind is called angina. Sitting wind is chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. This means that the heart will lack oxygen supply and interfere with the heart's work.
Angina causes you to feel your chest pressed or squeezed. This pain arises not only in the chest, but also in the shoulders, arms, neck, or back. This condition usually occurs for 15 minutes until the symptoms disappear slowly.
So, this disease is not caused by the wind that enters your body during scrapings, as you might have thought. Angina also cannot be equated with common colds, which may be limited to complaints of not feeling well.
What are the causes of the sitting wind?
What you also need to know is that sitting wind is not a special disease. Sitting wind is a symptom of a disease related to the heart. The cause of the wind sits divided by type, namely:
1. Stable angina (angina pectoris)
Stable angina is the most common form of angina, usually caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD can occur if plaques form on the walls of blood vessels, so that blood vessels constrict and result in blocked blood flow to the heart. This then causes the supply of oxygen to the heart to be disrupted.
The cause of the seated wind can be a type of stable angina when the heart muscle has to work harder. For example, during physical activity, exercise, stress the mind, at very hot or very cold temperatures, overeating, and smoking.
Usually, chest pain due to stable angina only lasts a short time, which is about five minutes. Over time, the pain will decrease after you decide to sit and take a short break.
2. Angina is not stable
Unstable angina is sometimes referred to as acute coronary syndrome. The cause of this type of seated wind is generally due to the presence of plaque in the blood vessels so that blood flow to the heart muscle becomes reduced.
This plaque can rupture and cause injury to blood vessels, so that blood can clot and block blood flow. Not only because of heavy activity, this type of angina can also occur when you are resting, sleeping or having a little activity, and come suddenly.
Simply put, unstable angina is a type of seated wind that is more severe than stable angina. Because the symptoms of unstable angina tend to be more severe than stable angina.
Chest pain due to unstable angina takes longer, which is about 30 minutes. In addition, chest pain due to unstable angina is more difficult to lose, even if you decide to immediately take a break or take medication for seated wind.
If you experience symptoms of unstable angina, immediately consult a doctor to get further treatment.
3. Variant Angina (Prinzmetal angina)
Compared to other types of angina, angina variants tend to occur less frequently. The cause of this type of sitting wind is related to narrowing of the arteries. This happens when the coronary arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart experience temporary narrowing due to spasm.
Spasms are a condition when the heart muscle suddenly tightens and tightens to feel very painful. This type of angina can occur at any time, including when you are resting, usually at midnight or early morning.
4. Microvascular angina
This type of angina is caused by coronary microvascular disease. This is a heart disease that affects the smallest coronary arteries in the heart and is more likely to occur in women than men. Coronary microvascular disease is also called heart X syndrome and non-obstructive CHD.
The cause of this type of sitting wind generally occurs when you are physically active or experiencing emotional disturbances. These symptoms usually subside after a few minutes, especially when you sit or rest.
The characteristics of the sitting wind are different from the characteristics of the cold
Until now, sitting winds are still often misunderstood by colds. In fact, the characteristic of the sitting wind is clearly different from the characteristics of colds.
Characteristics of getting cold
People who catch a cold usually experience pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, either permanently or repeatedly within a certain period of time. Entering the wind is also characterized by not feeling well, flatulence or bloating, frequent belching, decreased appetite, nausea, or vomiting.
When you catch a cold, you might prefer to take a break or take cold medicines. Indeed, colds tend to be more easily lost just by taking enough rest or taking medication to relieve cold symptoms.
Feature of the sitting wind
Meanwhile, the characteristic of the seated wind is typical that is pain or tightness in the chest. The characteristics of this sitting wind can occur after you move or do sports that are too heavy, emotional disturbances, cold weather, or after eating.
The characteristics of the sitting wind in men and women are generally different. In men, they often feel pain in the chest, neck and shoulders. While in women, symptoms of angina are more often felt as pain in the stomach, neck, jaw, throat, or back.
If you start feeling one or more of the characteristics of the sitting wind, try to stop all activities that you are doing and immediately take a break. Usually, the symptoms or characteristics of the sitting wind will subside a few minutes after you rest.
If the symptoms of angina never subside, it's good to immediately consult a doctor to confirm the diagnosis.
Who is at risk of experiencing a seated wind?
If you run the risk of experiencing various heart diseases, then this means you are also at risk of developing angina. Some of the main risk factors for heart disease and angina are:
- High bad cholesterol levels
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome
- Being overweight or obese
- You lack activity or exercise
- You have eating habits or an unhealthy diet
- Family history of heart disease
- Older age, men over 45 years of age or women over 55 years have a higher risk
In order for you to avoid the risk of sitting wind, it's time for you to avoid various risk factors. In addition to preventing exposure to the sitting wind, this can also help you avoid the risk of heart disease.
The choice of wind medicine is sitting
When you experience unbearable chest pain, immediately consult a doctor. Your doctor may see your medical history and do a number of physical examinations to assess the possibility of angina.
Medical examinations that may be performed to detect angina are:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) , is a device that serves to record the heart's electrical activity and detect when the heart is deprived of oxygen.
- Stress test , is an examination performed to read blood pressure and EKG results when the patient is physically engaged (running on a treadmill).
- Chest X-ray , is a medical procedure that is performed to see the inner structure of the chest.
- Coronary angiography , is a medical procedure that uses images and special X-rays to see the inside of the coronary arteries.
- Blood test, is an examination of fat, cholesterol, sugar and protein levels.
All of these procedures are performed to see the possible characteristics of the seated wind, the cause of the seated wind, and the seated wind medication that will be prescribed.
If your chest pain is caused by angina, your doctor may prescribe a number of seated wind medications that are appropriate for your condition. In some cases, doctors may prescribe hypertension medication to help treat angina.
Yes, certainly hypertension drugs are given without cause. These drugs function to help lower blood pressure and cholesterol, slow down the heart rate, relax blood vessels, and prevent blood clots. All of these things can help relieve your angina symptoms.
Well, here are some types of seated wind medications that can be prescribed:
Anticoagulants are also called blood thinners. This one-seated wind medicine serves to prevent the formation of clots in blood vessels. Usually, this seated drug is used to treat blood vessel, heart and lung problems.
Anticoagulants that can be prescribed as seated wind drugs are Rivaroxaban (Xarelto), Dabigatran (Pradaxa), Apixaban (Eliquis), Heparin, Warfarin (Coumadin).
2. Antiplatelet drugs
Antiplatelet drugs are a group of powerful drugs that can prevent the formation of blood clots. There are two types of antiplatelet drugs that can be used as seated wind drugs, namely antiplatelet agents and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT).
Both types of antiplatelet drugs generally have the same function, which helps prevent blood clots in patients with heart attacks, unstable angina, ischemic stroke, and various other heart diseases.
Some examples of antiplatelet agents are Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Dipyridamole, Prasugrel (Effient), and Ticagrelor (Brilinta).
3. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Shortened as an ACE drug, this one-seated wind drug functions to dilate blood vessels and reduce levels of angiotensin II. Angiotensin is a chemical compound that causes arteries to tighten.
This ACE inhibitor (ACE inhibitor) helps the body produce less angiotensin. Thus, blood vessels become loose, more relaxed, and ultimately lower blood pressure.
Examples of ACE drugs include Benazepril (Lotensin), Captopril (Capoten), Enalapril (Vasotec), Fosinopril (Monopril), and so on.
4. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (or inhibitors)
This one-seated drug serves to relieve symptoms of heart disease, including hypertension and heart failure. The way this drug works is to reduce the levels of angiotensin in the blood vessels so that blood pressure can decrease slowly.
Some examples of this type of seated wind medicine are Candesartan (Atacand), Eprosartan (Teveten), Irbesartan (Avapro), Losartan (Cozaar), Telmisartan (Micardis), and Valsartan (Diovan).
How do you prevent the wind from sitting?
Everyone certainly does not want to be exposed to the sitting wind. Because the wind sits related to heart disease, this means you can prevent it by preventing heart disease first.
If you already have heart disease, you can still do things that can help delay the narrowing of the arteries. Some of the things you can do to prevent the wind from sitting are:
1. Control blood pressure
Hypertension is one of the risk factors or causes of sitting wind. The reason is, high blood pressure can cause blood flow not smooth and suppress blood vessel walls. Over time, blood vessels can become blocked and damaged to trigger angina.
If you have complaints of hypertension, you should take blood pressure measurements regularly and limit consumption of salty foods. Thus, your blood pressure is more easily controlled and prevents it from rising.
2. Limit foods that contain high cholesterol
Foods that contain high cholesterol can trigger a buildup of plaques that can clog blood flow. As a result, blood flow is not smooth and can cause angina.
Instead, exchange high-cholesterol foods with healthier foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, lean meat, and fat-free or low-fat milk. All types of food are guaranteed healthy and help prevent angina.
3. Sports routine
Exercise is believed to help prevent angina attacks and reduce the risk of heart disease. The reason, exercise can help reduce excess weight, control blood sugar and cholesterol, and relieve stress.
Yes, all of these are angina risk factors. So, if you succeed in reducing your risk factors for angina, then it's also clear that you will avoid angina.
Even so, you can't be any sport. Incorrect exercise can trigger and aggravate angina. Do light to moderate exercise such as walking, jogging, meditation, yoga, or other types of exercise that are suitable for you. Most importantly, make sure you have pocketed the doctor's permission before starting exercise.
4. Keep your weight healthy
People who are obese have a high risk of developing angina. If you are one of them, you should do weight loss in a healthy way to avoid the risk of angina. For example, with regular exercise, eating balanced nutritious food, and adequate rest.
5. Control blood sugar
Diabetes is one of the risk factors or causes of seated wind. Therefore, for those of you who have diabetes problems, you are encouraged to immediately limit the consumption of sweet foods so that your blood sugar remains stable.
In addition, you also need to check blood sugar regularly to control your blood sugar levels. Thus, you will avoid the risk of getting angina or other heart disease.
6. Stop smoking and reduce alcohol consumption
If you are used to smoking and consuming alcohol until now, it's good to immediately stop this bad habit. Because the two habits can trigger a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels and damage it slowly.
If you don't immediately stop smoking or drink alcohol, this means that you allow harmful substances in both ingredients to gnaw at your blood vessels.
So, let's change this bad habit with a healthier lifestyle. For example, by drinking lots of water, eating nutritious food, regular exercise, and regular check-ups to the doctor.
- Frequent Shoulder Pain? Be Careful, That Could Be A Sign Of Heart Disease
- 7 Foods That Heart Disease Patients Should Avoid
- 3 Signs of Heart Disease That Already Looks at a Young Age
- Symptoms of Typical Heart Disease in Women
- Signs of Early Heart Disease in Men