Until now it was still a debate whether the vegetarian diet or only eating plant-based foods for the body or not. Most people who go on this diet believe that this diet is able to maintain heart health and prevent various degenerative diseases.
But that does not mean that this diet has no risks and adverse effects on health. Just like other foods, if too much and continues to only consume only plant-based food sources can cause some health problems. Some known disorders are easily fragile bones, reduced sperm count, and various other disorders. Even recently there is a study that states that a long-term vegetarian diet will cause gene mutations that are at risk of cancer.
Relationship of vegetarian diets with degenerative diseases
There have been many studies that state that consuming many sources of animal protein has a greater chance of getting cancer and degenerative diseases. But there are several studies that also state that if you replace all sources of animal protein into vegetable, you are also still at risk for experiencing the disease. In fact, some studies say that people who apply a vegetarian diet have a 40% chance of having colon cancer compared to people who eat foods that have a balanced portion and distribution.
To answer the various debates that matter, a new study appears and provides its hypothesis regarding the vegetarian diet against cancer risk. The study was conducted by Cornell University in America, which compared groups of people who had been on a vegetarian diet for years, with a group of people who often ate meat. From the study it was known that groups that applied a vegetarian diet had long experienced genetic changes so they had different genes than people who did not adopt a vegetarian diet.
How can being a vegetarian change our genes?
The results found in this study are the gene mutation called ‘rs66698963’ in the group that applies the vegetarian diet. This gene mutation actually helps the group to change the fatty acids they get from vegetarian intake which is eaten daily. These fatty acids will be converted into various important nutrients needed by the body, such as arachidonic omega 6 fatty acids. Arachidonic fatty acids are nutrients that are very important for muscle growth and brain development, which are usually found in various sources of animal protein foods such as meat, milk and chicken eggs. In addition, arachidonic fatty acids are also known to reduce the risk of fat blockage in blood vessels and play a role in inflammation that occurs in the body.
However, currently arachidonic omega 6 has been found in various food sources and oils used for the cooking process. Thus, a group of people who experience this gene mutation will have excessive amounts of arachidonic acid omega 6 in the body, which is obtained from food and also due to mutations that occur. Too much arachidonic fatty acid in the body can increase inflammation in body tissues and this increases the risk of heart disease and cancer.
In the study it was also found that people who have gene I /I genes have a greater number of arachidonic fatty acids in the body due to the synthesis of vegetable fatty acids that occur, and this gene is more common in people who apply diet vegetarian. Not only that, arachidonic fatty acids are also considered to reduce the levels of omega-3 fatty acids needed for the development of the baby's brain when in the womb until he is 20 years old.
It doesn't mean that being vegetarian is not healthy
Research on mutations and vegetarian diets must be done further and deeper so that the relationship between the two is clearer. In addition, DNA mutations are rare and depend on the food consumed by each individual.
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