The nose is composed of hard bones and cartilage. The cartilage part tends to be more fragile so that the surrounding blood vessels are more prone to rupture or tear. Especially if you are knocked out or injured. This damage can cause the nose to swell and bleeding.
This condition is known as nasal septal hematoma. Although generally not dangerous, damage to blood vessels and swollen nose after bumping requires proper handling.
Get to know the nasal septal hematoma, the cause of swollen nose
Simply put, a nasal septal hematoma can be interpreted as collecting blood on the part of the nasal septum when bleeding occurs. Septum is the part of the cartilage in the nose that separates the two nasal cavities.
While the hematoma is a swelling of certain parts of the body caused by a buildup of blood.
Well, a nasal septal hematoma occurs in the part of the nasal cartilage or adjacent to the border between the cartilage and the hard bone in the nose. Blood clots in the nose to stop bleeding actually cause blood to be held back and so the nose swells.
In other parts of the body, swelling from the hematoma is not too dangerous because the cloting blood will be absorbed again by itself. However, the nose is swollen because the nasal septal hematoma usually does not heal by itself.
Signs of the nose are swollen due to nasal septal hematoma
Nasal septal hematomas occur quite often when a person experiences nasal obstruction due to collision or trauma. However, symptoms can only appear for hours or days after an impact. Usually the signs are as follows.
- Pain around the nose
- Bloody every time you try to get runny nose
- Swollen nose to the area under the eyes
- Continuous bleeding after several hours of impact
- Changes in nose shape and size
- Difficulty breathing through the nose
- Feeling there is blockage in the nasal cavity
- Feeling a headache after a collision
- Nausea and vomiting
Is this condition dangerous?
If after you hit, your nose is swollen and doesn't heal, you run the risk of experiencing various types of complications that are quite dangerous.
The worst possibility is that blood flow around damaged blood vessels is disrupted. As a result, blood flow around the septum stops. Cells around the septal cartilage can die to cause defects in the nose.
A swollen nose due to a nasal septal hematoma can also cause infection characterized by fever and the presence of abscesses (pus buildup) in the nasal cavity.
What should be done if the nose is swollen due to impact?
If you experience nasal septal hematoma after being hit or injured, seek medical help immediately. Because the hematoma swelling can only be handled by a doctor to absorb the blood fluid trapped in the hematoma.
The procedure is performed using local anesthesia. However, if a swollen nose occurs in infants and children, total anesthesia may need to be done in a short time.
In addition to these procedures, treatment to improve nasal bone structure and remove damaged tissue may also be needed to reduce the risk of infection. Surgery on the nose generally can overcome problems with the nose as a whole and improve the appearance of a damaged nose.
If an infection occurs, the doctor will usually give antibiotics and painkillers to help deal with the symptoms.
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