Lupus, which is known as a thousand face disease, affects more than 1.5 million people in Indonesia. Women who have this disease may be afraid to get pregnant because they are worried whether there is an effect on the health of the prospective baby later. Then, what if you are pregnant and have lupus at the same time? What are the pregnancy complications that occur when you get lupus during pregnancy?
Can you get pregnant if you have lupus?
Lupus is a chronic disease characterized by a breakdown of the immune system. In a healthy body, the immune system will attack foreign substances, whether it's viruses, microbes, or bacteria, which enter the body and endanger health.
Lupus causes the body's immune system to attack and paralyze body tissues such as muscles, skin, blood cells, brain, heart, lungs, and kidneys. This condition is included in an autoimmune disorder that makes sufferers easily exposed to inflammation and infections.
Even so, don't worry if you have lupus, your chances of getting pregnant remain the same as other normal women. But indeed, you need to plan a pregnancy very well compared to other healthy women. If you plan to have children, you should consult with a doctor who is dealing with you and find out what risks can occur if you have lupus during pregnancy.
What pregnancy problems might occur if I have lupus?
Less than 50% of women with lupus experience pregnancy complications. But basically, pregnancy in women with lupus has a high risk of complications, so more caution is needed.
Here are the complications and risks of pregnancy that can occur in women who suffer from lupus:
- Miscarriage . This risk is very likely to occur when you enter the first trimester. It is known that about 10% of women with lupus experience a miscarriage.
- Antiphospolipid antibody syndrome , a condition in which blood clots occur around the placenta and cause the placenta to not function. This causes stunted fetal development.
- Premature babies . Premature birth can occur in 25% of women with lupus.
- Babies born with a low weight , which is a body weight less than 2500 grams.
- Preeclampsia , which is characterized by high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine. This complication usually appears after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
- High blood pressure , which can occur in the second and third trimesters.
- Having lupus flare , ie the symptoms and signs that occur in lupus are getting worse. Usually characterized by swelling in one part of the body and reddened skin.
- Neonatal lupus , which is a condition in which symptoms of lupus are experienced in newborns. Newborns will experience reddish skin, liver dysfunction, and lack of blood. These symptoms mostly occur in infants aged 18-24 weeks.
Therefore, you should do a routine check-up to the doctor. You should also be aware of symptoms and complications that may occur during pregnancy.
Will my child also get lupus in the future?
Another thing to worry about after you give birth to a child normally is whether this disease can decrease to the child. The risk of lupus being passed on to children may be present. The opportunity for the onset of lupus is indeed even greater if there are family members who have had lupus or other autoimmune diseases. The study states that having a family history of lupus, increases the risk of this disease by 20 times in the next generation.
But back again, this is no guarantee. There are still many factors that cause a person to get lupus. Therefore, you must be more sensitive and pay attention to the health condition of the child. If your child has very mild symptoms or health problems, you should immediately take him to the doctor for further treatment.
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