Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in men aged 15 to 35 years. Although it is less common than prostate cancer, this cancer cannot be trifled with. Therefore, it is important to know the characteristics of testicular cancer. If the disease is successfully detected at an early stage, testicular cancer has a survival rate of up to 95 percent in five years.
Characteristics of testicular cancer to watch out for
1. There is a lump in the testis
The most common characteristics of testicular cancer to detect are lumps in the testicles. The size of this lump can be small or large. Sometimes a lump causes pain in one or both testicles. The testis can also be harder than usual or a change in texture occurs.
2. Testicular pain
The onset of pain in the area of the testicle or scrotum. This pain usually occurs in the lower abdomen or in the groin area.
Enlargement or swelling that occurs in one of the testes also includes characteristics of testicular cancer. This feature is fairly common and will usually arise without or with pain.
4. Grow breasts
Although this is rare, some testicular tumors produce hormones that cause breast tissue growth in men. This is called gynecomastia.
5. Easy to get tired
When the body feels tired and weak, it is not always a sign of cancer. Because there are indeed many factors that cause the body to feel weak. However, when you feel weak and easily tired without any obvious reason, you should be suspicious.
Fatigue supported by the symptoms mentioned above may indicate cancer in your testicles. In addition to feeling weak there are also other symptoms, namely experiencing fever, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, coughing, and sweating for no apparent reason.
How to check the testicles themselves to detect cancer earlier
Most doctors agree that men must carry out regular physical examinations. Some doctors also recommend that men check their own testicles, regularly once a month after puberty. The best time to do a testis is when you are or after a shower, when the scrotum skin is relaxed.
Here are ways to check the testes:
- Stand in front of the mirror in a naked body, well after finishing the shower
- Then lift one of your legs so you can see the scrotum more clearly with your eyes.
- Carefully touch the scrotum using your fingers and feel for lumps or swelling on the skin of the scrotum, because sometimes the lump is not always accompanied by pain
- The next examination is to ascertain the size of the two testicles and examine them carefully.
If after an examination it is found that one of the testicles is somewhat larger, don't worry, because this is a normal condition and is still relatively normal. By checking the testes regularly, as time goes by you will automatically know if there is something different from your testicles. Finding symptoms or characteristics of testicular cancer will help you to take further action immediately before it gets worse.
What if you find something strange in your testis?
If you find something strange or unusual about your testicles after checking directly or at other times, immediately consult a doctor for further treatment. The doctor will do a physical examination by seeing whether the testicles have swelling, changes in size, location, lump or pain when touched.
The doctor will also examine the abdomen, groin area, and other parts of your body to look for signs of possible further spread of cancer. If something abnormal is found, then an ultrasound will be performed to look at the scrotum and testicles. Ultrasound is an easy and painless way to find out if there are tumors or other problems in the body. Other tests may also be carried out depending on the needs and policies of each doctor.
- Checking Your Own Testicles to Prevent Testicular Cancer
- 9 Facts About Testicles You May Not Know
- 6 Steps to Check Your Own Testicular Health