Diarrhea during pregnancy is one of the problems commonly experienced by women starting from the first trimester. Pregnant women are said to have diarrhea when they experience three runny bowel movements in one day. So, what are the causes of diarrhea during pregnancy? Will this harm the fetus in the womb? Find the answer in the following review.
Causes of diarrhea while pregnant
Experts reveal that diarrhea during pregnancy is a common condition. Usually, this is caused by:
1. Hormonal changes
Reported by Livestrong, according to the Utah Department of Health, diarrhea during young pregnancy is mostly caused by hormonal changes. Because the production of pregnancy hormones can slow down the digestive tract. That's why young pregnant women tend to experience diarrhea.
Although it is quite disturbing from the side of pregnant women, this hormonal change is actually beneficial to the fetus. Because, the slow digestive tract of pregnant women will facilitate the fetus when absorbing the nutrients needed. As a result, fetal growth becomes more maximal.
2. Changes in diet
Many women who make dietary changes are quite drastic when they know that they are pregnant. Usually, pregnant women will multiply eating vegetables and fruit to meet the daily fiber intake - also drink water to facilitate digestion.
Indeed, this is beneficial for fetal growth and development but on the other hand, this sudden change in diet can also "shock" the digestive system of pregnant women. This is why, pregnant women become susceptible to diarrhea in the first trimester.
In addition, pregnant women tend to be more sensitive to certain foods. Maybe the foods you have eaten often don't cause any symptoms, but eating them during pregnancy makes you sick with your stomach or diarrhea.
3. Pregnancy vitamins
Taking prenatal vitamins during pregnancy is clearly very good for maintaining the health of the mother and baby in the womb. Because, prenatal vitamins contain iron, folate, and calcium needed to prevent baby defects and loss of bone density in pregnant women. But in fact, this vitamin can also provide side effects in the form of constipation and diarrhea.
Pregnant women are encouraged to stop taking prenatal vitamins for several days to relieve symptoms of diarrhea. Consult a doctor immediately for further treatment.
4. Parasitic or viral infections
According to Women 's Healthcare Topics, pregnant women are susceptible to intestinal viruses or parasites during pregnancy. When a virus or intestinal parasite succeeds in entering and infecting the digestive organs, this is what causes diarrhea when young pregnant.
To determine the cause, immediately consult a doctor when you start experiencing diarrhea during pregnancy in the early trimester.
Is the problem of diarrhea during young pregnancy dangerous for the fetus?
Diarrhea during pregnancy generally disappears on its own in a few days. Even though it seems trivial, this condition can turn out to be a serious problem if not addressed as soon as possible.
Because diarrhea that occurs continuously can reduce the volume of amniotic fluid due to discharge during diarrhea. This can cause fetal development to be disrupted, even at risk of miscarriage.
Therefore, pregnant women are encouraged to drink water, fruit juice or broth to replace electrolytes lost during diarrhea. Water can help replenish fluids lost during diarrhea, while drinking fruit juice can help increase potassium intake which is important for pregnant women. Meanwhile, broth is useful for replenishing the required sodium intake.
If diarrhea during pregnancy does not go away, immediately consult a doctor. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics if diarrhea is caused by the presence of bacteria or parasites in the body of pregnant women. Whatever changes occur to you during pregnancy, be sure to always consult a doctor to maintain your obstetric health.
- Diarrhea During Pregnancy, What To Do?
- Recognize Symptoms of Dengue Fever During Pregnancy and Treatment and Prevention
- Can I Get Pregnant Again After Placenta Previa?