Normally, babies are born at the age of the womb around 39-41 weeks. However, some babies may be born sooner, ie at the womb age less than 37 weeks. Well, this is what is called premature birth.
Because they are born early, premature babies certainly have smaller weights and lengths than normal babies. The development of his organs is not mature enough than a normal baby. Therefore, the growth and development of premature babies may be somewhat different from normal babies. That way, it is important for you to adjust the age of premature babies with the actual age (age of correction).
Calculating the age of premature babies
Calculating the age of a premature baby is actually important for monitoring the growth and development of a baby according to his age, which is different from a normal baby. Your baby who is born prematurely may have a slightly late growth and development than a normal baby born on the same day. However, you don't need to worry because this is normal. You must consider the age of correction in premature babies.
Calculating the age of correction in premature babies is not difficult. You can try counting it yourself at home.
- First, start by calculating the age of your baby from birth (in weeks)
- Then, reduce the age by the number of weeks less if the baby is born normal
For example, your baby is born at 34 weeks' gestation, so your baby is still less than 6 weeks (from 40 weeks) to be able to be born quite a month. If your baby is now 6 months old (24 weeks), then your baby's age is actually 24 weeks - 6 weeks = 18 weeks or 4.5 months.
Why do we need to adjust the age of premature babies?
Growth and development of premature babies is usually delayed compared to babies born at term of the same age. This certainly makes you as a parent feel worried. However, this is actually a natural thing.
Aside from the fact that the development and growth of the baby are certain to be different between individuals, premature babies are also born first so he needs to catch up with his development while still in the womb. When babies are born earlier than they should, the brain and nervous system are not well developed or mature enough than the term babies of the same age.
By calculating the age of an actual premature baby, this can help you in assessing the development and growth of a premature baby that should be (which must be different from a normal baby). That way, you will not worry too much about the development of your baby (which you may think is too late compared to the term baby).
You only need to adjust the age of a child of real age to a child aged 2-2.5 years. Why? Because usually at this age children can quickly catch up. Thus, the growth and development of children at this age will eventually equal those of children born quite month. With a note, the child's environment, such as nutrition and stimulation of children is well fulfilled.
- Guide to Caring for Premature Babies at Home
- Kangaroo Method for Premature Babies or Low Birth Weight
- Premature Babies Are More at Risk for Osteoporosis in the Old Age