There are many contraceptive methods or family planning devices available on the market, ranging from permanent to temporary, ranging from those used by men to those worn by women. In recent years, implant KB methods have begun to rise in the midst of the popularity of spiral KB (IUD), birth control pills, and of course condoms. But, what exactly is implant KB?
What is implant KB (implant KB)?
implant KB, or in medical terms known as implant KB, is a small, flexible plastic tube the size of a match, which contains hormones to prevent pregnancy. This tube (which is often called a implant) will be inserted (or implanted) into the skin of the upper arm. With the correct use, once a family planning implant can prevent pregnancy for three years.
How do implant KB work?
The implant that has been put under the skin will release a low level of progestin hormone to prevent pregnancy. The way it works is to prevent ovulation (the release of eggs in a monthly cycle). If a woman does not ovulate, she cannot get pregnant because there is no egg to fertilize.
The progestin released by implantable KB will also thicken mucus around the cervix (cervix). This will prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Progestins will also thin the lining of the uterine wall, so if there are sperm that successfully fertilize the egg, the egg will be difficult to stick to the uterine wall to start pregnancy.
Is implantable KB effective in preventing pregnancy?
KB implants are contraceptive methods that are very effective in preventing pregnancy. Within one year, there were only less than 1 in 100 implantable KB users who still conceded to pregnancy.
The chances of getting pregnant will increase if you use implant birth control for 3 years without being replaced. For this reason, it's important to remember and note when your implant's KB is installed, and when it's the last time for you to replace it. If you don't have time to change implant KB on time, use an additional family planning device such as a condom.
In general, the effectiveness of contraception depends on many things, and this includes whether you have certain health conditions, or are taking certain medicines and herbs that can interfere with the work of the family planning device. For example, St. herbal medicine Wort and some antibiotics can reduce the performance of implantable KB so that it becomes less effective.
Then even the most effective birth control device will not be effective in preventing pregnancy if it is not used properly. To work properly, the implant must be in the correct position and work properly, and must be replaced if it's time.
Can implantable KB prevent transmission of venereal disease?
implant KB cannot prevent you from getting sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms are the only contraceptive to prevent pregnancy that can protect men and women from transmission of venereal disease.
Are there implantable KB side effects?
The most common side effect of implant KB or implant KB is a change in the menstrual cycle. The following are some of the side effects that might occur due to the use of implantable KB.
- Menstruation becomes irregular, or not menstruating at all
- Menstrual blood becomes more or even less
- Spots /blood spots that come out when not menstruating
- Weight gain
- Breast pain
- Pain, infection, and scars on the skin where the implant is inserted (implanted)
Don't worry, not all implant KB users will experience side effects. In fact, the side effects of implant KB will usually improve and over time disappear over time. However, if you are a smoker, your risk of experiencing side effects from implantable KB will increase. This is why doctors recommend women with implant KB to stop smoking.
Who is suitable for implant KB?
KB implants are a contraceptive method that is suitable for women who often forget to take birth control pills every day, or who want to prevent pregnancy in the long run.
Of course not all women can use implantable birth control. In some cases, the health conditions that you have will make implantable birth control ineffective, or more risky. For example, implantable KB is not recommended for women who have blood clots, liver disease, vaginal bleeding of unknown cause, and certain types of cancer.
You also need to consult a doctor if you want to install an implantable family planning but have one of the following diseases, namely diabetes, migraine headaches, depression, high cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), gall bladder problems, convulsions, diseases kidney, and other diseases including allergies.
If you are pregnant or suspect you are pregnant, you may not install implant KB.
How to install implant KB?
KB implants are only available at clinics, health centers, or hospitals, and must be installed by doctors, midwives, and health workers who have been given training to install implants. Your doctor may delay the installation of implantable birth control depending on your menstrual cycle, or if you are using another contraceptive method.
The implant KB installation process will begin by giving an anesthetic to the part of the arm to be inserted into the implant so you don't feel sick. The doctor will then use a small needle to insert the implant tube under the skin that has been made of the numb.
The whole process only takes a few minutes. After the implant is installed, you are recommended not to lift heavy items for several days.
You have to come back to the doctor /clinic /puskesmas to replace the implant with a new one, after 3 years or according to the doctor's advice. When it's past its time, the implant will stop functioning and no longer protect you from pregnancy.
To remove the implant, your skin will be drugged again, then make a small incision to pull out the implant. You really don't need to wait up to 3 years to replace or issue implant KB, so whenever you want to take it off, this can be done. But remember, never release your own implant KB! This procedure must be carried out by professional medical personnel.
- Why Are You Still Pregnant Despite Taking Birth Control Pills?
- The Most Effective and Ineffective Birth Control Tool
- Morning-After Pill, Pregnancy Prevention Contraception