Humans are born with five senses: vision, smell, taste, listener, and touch. Some who are born do not have complete sensory functions. However, there are also some in between which have excessive sensory functions, or the so-called sixth sense. In psychological terms, the sixth sense is called Extrasensory Perception (ESP) or the "more" perception of the sensory device.
ESP is a response from an object that does not exist. That is, compare with the smear function that the nose has. One can say that the flower is fragrant because there are flowers that it smells. In people who (claim to) have ESP, objects that become stimuli are not in front of him, but that person can give a response as if it exists.
Three types of sixth sense
Sixth sense or ESP has three types, namely:
- Telepathy (telepathy), people with telepathic ability can communicate with other people by entering these information into the minds of the people they enter. For example, when someone speaks into someone else's mind.
- Clairvoyance, people with clairvoyance abilities can know the events that occur without him needing to be in that place or get information from others. For example, when someone finds out there is a car collision at a red light, even though the person is in the bathroom.
- Precognition, people with precognition skills can know events that have not yet happened. For example, when someone predicts the death of state officials or a crisis in a country.
There is one more type that is very closely related to ESP, namely psychokinesis (PK). The principle works is when the person's mind can control the object in front of him. For example, when you only think of a glass to fall, someone can drop a glass.
In the field of psychology, there are many pros and cons behind this story from ESP. Here are some important ideas that can be summarized:
Reason for the sixth sense
The ganzfeld procedure research method is used to prove the presence of ESP telepathic parts. In this method, two groups of respondents, recipients and senders are used. The sender is asked to send a signal to the recipient's mind regarding visual stimuli (images, slideshows, or video footage). Later, the recipient will describe the information sent by the sender. Every time the description of the recipient is stated correctly, it will be given a point.
The recipient and sender themselves are placed in different places. The signal sender is placed in the room that is isolated, his eyes are closed, the sound is playing white noise (sounds like a radio without channels), and the room is given red lighting.
The result, one of the studies from ganzfeld procedure was 38% of the results of the description were considered correct. This effect is very large, because the estimates of previous researchers were 25%.
The counter reason for the sixth sense
1. The results of the study changed
One of the traits that must be possessed from a true research is to be repeated. But in fact, the same researcher about the sixth sense, with the same respondent cannot repeat the same results; can be higher than 38% or lower.
2. Proof that can't be controlled
When you dream of being promoted at work and it turns out that you really did get a job, can that be said to be something extraordinary? This is difficult to understand because in the real research setting, there needs to be tightly controlled conditions to reduce other possibilities. In everyday life, this is difficult to control. Dreaming of mystical things can be just coincidences or forms of memories that enter dreams.
In the end, the senses of kenam cannot be approved or denied because this phenomenal topic has a logical background and has been tested with scientific methods that can prove the pros and cons of arguments. This is your choice, whether you want to believe it or ignore it.
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