Pain in the joints, especially the elbow joint can occur due to various causes. One thing that can happen is the elbow experiences hyperextension. If not handled properly, this hyperextension elbow can damage the tissue around your elbow joint. In fact, you can be more easily dislocated. So, let's know more about elbow hyperextension!
What is hyperextension elbow?
Hyperextended elbows or also called hyperextended elbows occur when the elbow joint moves outside the normal range of motion. In addition to pain, the elbow hyperextension range of motion is normal outside or more than 90 degrees of the average elbow motion range. This condition can damage the ligament and elbow bones.
It takes several weeks to heal, depending on the severity. This hyperextension elbow can be experienced by anyone but is more common in those who play sports with direct physical contact. People who stumble and fall may also experience this condition.
What are the symptoms that occur at the elbow hyperextestence?
What signifies the occurrence of this hyperextension elbow is usually the sound of a pop on the elbow and the elbow immediately hurts. This is what distinguishes hyperestensive elbows from other elbow pain such as tennis elbow. Other signs that can occur are:
- It hurts when you move or touch your elbows
- Losing power from the arm
- Difficulty moving
- Muscle cramps
- Depending on the severity of your elbow problem, getting worse can also interfere with blood circulation in the hand
If your elbows also look strange or there are prominent bone fragments on the skin, immediately seek emergency medical help.
What are the causes of elbow hyperextension?
The elbow is formed by three interconnected joints, the upper humeroulnar, humeroradial, and radioulnar joints. The condition of the elbow can bend forward (flexion) and open to the back (extension) affected by the humeroulnar joint that connects the bones of the upper arm and bone of the forearm (ulna).
My elbow experiences hyperextension when humeroulnar bends backwards and makes it out of its normal range of motion.
This condition can occur when someone:
- Playing sports that involve physical contact between players such as boxing, soccer, etc.
- Doing other physical activities such as weight lifting or gymnastics.
- Resist when falling with the position of the hand that is weighing on the elbow.
Apart from the above conditions, there are several factors that can also increase a person's risk of experiencing elbow hyperextension, such as:
- Old age . The bones and ligaments will become weaker as you age, making it easier to get out of range of motion should be.
- Injury history . Previous injuries to the elbow can make the joints weaker than usual, making it easier to get injured again.
- Doing heavy physical activity . For example daily exercise such as athletes.
What is the treatment for elbow hyperextension?
The usual treatment is:
In the first few days after injury, avoid stretching your elbows. Resting your elbow can help speed healing. Avoid activities that can trigger swelling in the elbow, such as exercise.
A doctor who will advise you to start moving your elbows after resting. Depends on the severity of the hyperextension elbow that occurs.
2. Ice compress
Wrap the ice and place it in the injured area. Compress by putting ice water on a small towel or cloth for 10-20 minutes. Do this every few hours. Do not put ice directly on your skin because it can cause damage to your skin tissue. Compressing aims to relieve pain and swelling that occurs.
3. Use elastic bandage
Wrapping your elbows with elastic bandages around your elbows can also be done to prevent and reduce swelling. With this elastic bandage it can also help limit your elbow movements, so that your elbows are easier to rest.
Wrap a bandage around your elbow, make sure it's strong enough to put pressure on, but don't get too tight to cause more pain and can interfere with blood circulation.
4. Elbow clamp
Using elbow brace can also help to rest your elbow. This can help heal your elbows faster. The doctor will usually tell you how long you have to wear a clamp or when you have to wear a clamp.
5. Lift your elbow
Lift your elbows until their height exceeds your heart. It aims to help reduce swelling. Lift your elbows up with a few pillows while sitting or lying down. You should also use an elbow sling while moving.
6. Pain reliever
Some anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory drugs can also be used as pain relievers such as:
- Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB)
- Naproxen (Aleve)
7. Physical therapy
Physical therapy is done when you are able to move your elbow back and the pain is minimal. Your doctor will advise you to do light stretches or special exercises to help with recovery.
Surgery is needed when your hyperextension elbow causes damage to ligaments, tendons, bones or other structures on your elbow. Broken or torn elbow joints that usually need surgery to improve their condition.
After surgery, you have to keep your arms quiet for a few weeks, don't move them. Furthermore, physical therapy is needed to restore elbow function as before.
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