Although vaccines aka immunizations are more familiar for babies and children, adults still need to get vaccines to protect themselves from various "adult" diseases. The HPV vaccine, herpes zoster, pneumonia, typhoid fever, yellow fever or yellow fever, are some types of vaccines that are only given to adults. But if you missed your childhood or have never received tetanus injections, do you still need to do it when you grow up?
What is injection for tetanus for?
Tetanus injections are given to protect you from tetanus caused by the Clostrdium tetani bacteria. These bacteria are present throughout the world and mainly live on land. Tetanus is a condition of nerve damage caused by poisons produced by these bacteria.
If you fall or are punctured by sharp nails on the road, and have open wounds on the skin and are not cleaned quickly, the bacteria that causes tetanus can enter the body through the wound to multiply and produce toxins that can attach to the tip nerve fiber. The poison will spread gradually to the spinal cord and brain. Muscles controlled by nerves will be stiff and numb. If not treated properly, this disease can cause severe seizures even to death from breathing muscles that stop working.
Although the number of cases of tetanus is generally higher in infants and children, this disease can still approach adults who have not been vaccinated, especially people living in developing countries. For that, regardless of your age, get a tetanus shot immediately if you have never received it as a child.
Get to know the types of tetanus injections
Currently, there are four types of vaccines used to protect from tetanus, all of which are combined with vaccines for other diseases, namely:
- Diphtheria and tetanus (DT)
- Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP)
- Tetanus and diphtheria (Td) vaccine
- Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap)
Tetanus vaccination is recommended for all infants, children, adolescents and adults. DTaP and DT are given to children under 7 years of age, while Tdap and Td are given to children and older adults.
Who are the adults who need tetanus injections?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Tdap vaccine is needed for all adults aged 19 and older who have never received the vaccine, especially:
- Health workers who have direct contact with patients.
- Nurses of infants under 1 year of age, including parents, grandparents, and baby caregivers
- Pregnant women in the third trimester (ideally 27 to 36 weeks old), even if you have previously received the Tdap vaccine; This can protect newborns from whooping cough in the first months of birth.
- New mothers who have never received anything - Neonatal tetanus usually originates from an infection when it breaks the cord of a newborn.
- People who travel to countries infected with pertussis.
The Tdap vaccine is also given to those of you who have suffered severe injuries or burns and have never received a vaccine. Severe injuries and burns can also increase the risk of tetanus.
The Tdap vaccine can be given at any time of the year. Only one injection is needed and other vaccinations can be given. No vaccine can be given regardless of when the last vaccine Td was given. Tdap vaccine can be used safely for ages 65 years and over. In order for your immune system to stay superior in fighting tetanus, a booster injection of Td vaccine is needed every 10 years.
Who are adults who don't need tetanus injections?
You don't need to receive tetanus injections if you:
- Have a serious allergy to one of the previous vaccine ingredients.
- Have a coma or convulsions within a week of receiving vaccinations for whooping cough (like DTaP), unless the vaccine is not the cause; Td can be used in this case.
If you experience one of the following, consult your doctor whether the Tdap or Td vaccine is right for you:
- Epilepsy or other nervous system problems
- Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)
- Has a history of severe swelling or pain after receiving a pertussis, tetanus, or diphtheria vaccination in the past.
If you are seriously ill, your doctor will usually recommend you wait for vaccination after you recover. According to the CDC, you can still get tetanus injections (or other types of vaccines) if you have a common disease, such as a low-grade fever, colds, or a common cold cough.
- 9 Types of Vaccines Required by Adults
- 6 Hoaxes about vaccines that have been proven wrong
- List of Vaccinations Required Before Pregnancy
- Still Need Evidence That Vaccines Are Safe? Here is the list