The muscles of the body have an important role to play, from making it easier for you to walk, to lift an object, to facilitate the work of organs to drain blood. Unfortunately, the body's muscles can be damaged which is characterized by abnormal contractions in the muscle called clonus. Clonus is a condition when the muscles cannot function optimally accompanied by pain. For more details, see the full review below.
Clonus is a condition when the muscle twitches
Clonus is a condition that occurs when nerve muscle cells do not function properly, or are damaged. This damage causes the muscles to contract and move irregularly, even resulting in movements that tend to be out of control.
You may be more familiar with this condition with the name of twitching of muscles or throbbing muscles. But in contrast to muscle contractions that only occur occasionally, clonus can generally occur many times, feels pain, and can last for quite a long time.
That is why, recurring clonus will often make muscles tired so that it is difficult for you to move. Clonus can attack one or more different parts of the muscle, including the ankles, knees, calves, jaw, elbows, wrists, fingers and toes.
What is the cause of clonus?
The cause of clonus cannot yet be determined. But so far, it is allegedly due to damage to brain nerve tissue that regulates muscle movement. As a result, muscle movements are uncontrollable, causing contractions, and eventually twitching.
Clonus usually occurs in several conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), strokes, severe injuries, brain damage, cerebral palsy, to paraplegia.
In some cases, liver failure and kidney failure can also result in clonus. This is because waste from the body (body waste) accumulates in large quantities. Which can then affect the normal functioning of the brain.
How do you diagnose it?
Clonus can be considered a long-term condition. Therefore, before actually treating the possibility of clonus, you are encouraged to take a series of tests to diagnose this condition. First of all, the doctor will usually do a physical examination, which aims to find out which parts of the body often occur clonus.
On a physical test, you will be asked to flex several body parts that will stretch the body muscles.
If when you are being examined, the muscles suddenly contract by themselves causing pain, the doctor will check and measure how many contractions occur. The next examination to detect clonus is to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests, to check for damage to the body.
If necessary, a blood test can also be done to help identify various other conditions that may occur due to the presence of clonus.
What is the right treatment for clonus?
Clonus is a condition that cannot be taken lightly, so special treatment is needed to cure it. Even so, treatment for clonus can vary depending on the underlying cause. Some of the following treatments are most often used to cure clonus:
1. Drug consumption
Taking medication, especially those that can help relax muscle work, is believed to reduce the symptoms of clonus. Baclofen (Lioresal), dantrolene (Dantrium), tizanidine (Zanaflex), gabapentin (Neurotonin), diazepam (Valium), and clonazepam (Klonopin) are some types of drugs that are often recommended by doctors in clonus patients.
You are not recommended to take this medicine while driving a vehicle or operating a heavy machine. Because, these types of drugs can increase drowsiness.
2. Physical therapy
Doing physical therapy accompanied by taking medication recommended by the doctor, can further accelerate recovery from clonus. A physical therapist will help you to train and stretch the work of the muscles, making it easier for you to move the limbs in parts of the body that are clonus.
3. Botox injection
Although it is more often used as a beauty treatment, it turns out that Botox injections are equally effective in curing clonus. Because Botox is able to work effectively to overcome muscle contractions in areas of the body that have clonus. However, botox injections must be done regularly because the optimism of botox injections can fade over a period of time.
When administering drugs, physical therapy, or botox injections are considered not effective in treating clonus, the final choice falls on surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon will cut out several parts of the nerve which are the cause of abnormal muscle contractions.
5. Home remedies
Besides routine medical treatment, you can also do home care to help manage symptoms of clonus at home.
For example by giving cold compresses to the muscle area that often contract to relieve pain, soaking in warm water is believed to reduce pain, to do yoga and stretching to help smooth body movements.
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