Low blood pressure or hypotension is a blood pressure below 90/60 mmHg, which makes blood flow not pumped to the organs of the body profusely, organs can also get an inadequate blood supply. Reported on the Cleveland Clinic page, fasting can reduce a person's blood pressure. Then, what about people who already have low blood pressure if they want to fast? Can I? Let's find the answer below.
Why can fasting make blood pressure drop?
Any condition that reduces blood volume can affect blood pressure, including dehydration or lack of fluids. Dehydration is one of the causes of low blood pressure that can occur in healthy people and people with low blood pressure.
When fasting, lots of water, body minerals such as sodium and potassium, are lost faster. This condition can help reduce blood volume, so people who fast tend to experience low blood pressure.
What is the sign if someone has low blood pressure?
Based on the results of blood pressure measurements, normal systolic blood pressure (upper blood pressure) ranges from 90-120 mm Hg. Normal diastolic blood pressure (lower blood pressure) is 60-80 mm Hg. If the blood pressure measurement results are less than normal, then this is a sign if you experience hypotension.
People who experience low blood pressure will usually show signs such as:
- Headache or head feels very light
- Blurred vision
- Lack of concentration
If it gets worse, hypotension can show life-threatening symptoms, such as:
- Cold, sweaty and pale skin
- Short, short breathing
- Fast pulse
If so, what if someone is hypotensive fasting?
People who experience hypotension may do fasting. However, the first thing to do is to make sure your hypotensive condition is controlled by checking blood pressure regularly and consult your condition with your doctor before starting. Especially if you have a history of severe hypotension. To prevent complications that can arise, you need to do an examination before starting fasting.
As reported on the NHS Choice website, someone with low blood pressure may fast as long as they have to ensure that their fluid needs are well met and consume enough salt. Fluid and salt content must be taken into account at dawn and iftar to prevent fainting and other symptoms.
Eating tips for dawn and breaking fast for people who experience hypotension
In order for your fast to continue to run smoothly all day, then there are some important rules that must be done during sahur and breaking the fast.
Drink enough water
Of course it's rather difficult to regulate fluid requirements during the fasting month. But you should pay attention to this so that you do not lack fluids during fasting and ultimately lower your blood pressure.
Try to keep drinking at least eight glasses of water per day with the distribution as follows:
- 2 cups at dawn
- 2 cups when breaking the fast
- 4 cups at dinner
This helps you to be well hydrated, thereby reducing the risk of low blood pressure during fasting.
Consume sufficient salt
Salt or salty foods that contain lots of minerals that the body needs to increase blood pressure. You can add salt to your dish, or eat foods like cheese.
Salt contains important minerals in it such as sodium. To increase mineral intake such as sodium, you can also get it in fruits.
Eat foods rich in vitamin B12
Eating foods that are like vitamin B12 helps prevent anemia and low blood pressure. You can get this vitamin from various food sources such as:
- duck meat
- chicken liver
- green vegetables, for example broccoli and spinach
Eating foods high in folic acid
Too little folate will have the same effect leading to anemia and worsening the condition of blood pressure. For that, fill your meal and time break your fast with foods that are also rich in folate. For example, edamame beans, asparagus, spinach, beans, liver.
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