Testicles are one of the most important assets for men, so it's only natural for men to worry when their testicles have problems. Because the testis plays an important role in producing sperm and male sex hormones. One testicular disorder that often makes anxiety is the appearance of black spots on the testicles that are often mistaken for tumors or cancer. So, is this really dangerous? Come on, find out through the following review.
What exactly is the testicular black spot?
Black spots in the testicular sac (scrotum) are generally caused by Forcyde type angiokeratoma. This condition occurs when the blood vessels in the testes expand and protrude to the surface of the skin, making the skin appear blackish in color.
These black spots are generally small, which is around 1-8 millimeters. The amount also varies. There are men who only have one black spot, some have more than 100 black spots in the testicular sac at one time.
Actually, the spots on the testicles are not really dark black, but tend to be purplish or dark red. When touched, the black spots on the testicles will feel rough and prominent. In addition to the testes, these black spots can also appear on the penis until around the inner thighs.
What are the causes of testicular black spots?
Aside from Forcyde's angiokeratoma, black spots on the testicles can also be caused by various other things, including:
1. Acne on the testicles
Acne can not only grow on the face, but can also grow in the testicles. These mild skin problems are generally caused by infection or clogged scrotal pores.
The good news is that testicular acne tends to be harmless. In fact, this condition can be overcome by simple treatments such as compressing warm water and maintaining the cleanliness of intimate organs properly.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when certain areas of the skin produce more pigments so that the color of the skin becomes darker than the surrounding skin. These lesions can appear in various forms, both in the form of spots, moles, looks like former sunburns, to stretch marks.
A study conducted in 2013 reported that 85.6 percent of men aged 3 to 91 years experienced hyperpigmentation in their genitals. However, this condition is not dangerous and is only limited to skin discoloration.
3. Genital warts
Genital warts are caused by an HPV virus that infects the genitals. In addition to the male vital organs, genital warts can also grow in the inner thigh or the area around the groin.
Symptoms of genital warts are generally characterized by the appearance of a white lump on the testicles or penis. However, there are also dark spots or warts.
4. Scrotal dermatitis
Black spots on the testicles can also be caused by scrotal dermatitis. Scrotal dermatitis itself is a chronic inflammation that occurs in the skin of the scrotum caused by exposure to chemicals or allergens.
This condition often causes itching in the testicles. If you scratch it, this can irritate blood vessels near the surface of the skin and cause dark spots on the genitals.
Are the black spots on the testicles dangerous?
The good news, black spots on the testicles are not always dangerous, so far not accompanied by other symptoms. This condition is also not a sign of sexually transmitted infections in men or tumors or cancer, as long as it has been feared.
However, if black spots appear with symptoms such as:
- Sharp pain in the feet and hands, especially after doing strenuous activities or exercise
- Rarely or never sweat (hypohidrosis)
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Misty eyes
- Diarrhea or constipation
Then immediately consult a doctor for further examination. The doctor will conduct a series of medical examinations to ascertain the cause of the black spots on your testes, starting from imaging tests (CT scan and X-ray), urine tests, blood tests, to biopsy.
How do you deal with black spots on the testicles?
Because the symptoms are mild and harmless, the black spots on the testicles actually do not require special care. The type of treatment depends on the cause of the black spots themselves.
In general, black spots on the testicles can be overcome by compressing warm water regularly. Warm temperatures can help shrink blood vessels that widen and help reduce black spots on the testicles.
Also, make sure to always keep the intimate organs clean and dry and not damp. If the black spots on the testicles are caused by hyperpigmentation or angiokeratoma, the doctor may do a biopsy and laser therapy to remove the lesion.
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