Every male ejaculation produces different sperm counts. He said, the more sperm counts can help you to have offspring quickly. The reason is, if more and more sperm are produced during ejaculation, then the chance to fertilize the egg will be greater. If conception does not occur, maybe the number of sperm you produce is not much. Without realizing it, there are several things that can cause the number of sperm in men to decline. Anything?
What are the normal sperm counts actually?
The normal number of sperm in one ejaculation is around 15 million to more than 200 million sperm per milliliter of semen. You are considered to have a low sperm count if you have less than 15 million sperm per milliliter or less than 39 million sperm per ejaculation. The problem is that the decrease in sperm count is directly proportional to the chance to make your partner reach pregnancy.
Various causes of decreased sperm count in men
Here are various things and habits that can cause a decrease in sperm count, namely:
1. Soak in hot water
Researchers at the University of California have found evidence that testicles exposed to overheating can have a negative effect on sperm production. Testes submerged in overheated water can interfere with their work in producing sperm.
So the amount produced will be less than usual. This is because the ideal temperature of sperm formation is lower than a few degrees compared to body temperature. Therefore, the testis is hanging outside the body.
Research published in the journal Reproductive Health shows that the quantity of smoking in men affects the production of sperm counts. The more often this habit is carried out, the less sperm will be produced.
In addition, smoking using ingredients other than tobacco, marijuana for example has been shown to affect sperm quality and quantity.
3. Keep your cellphone in your pants pocket
A study published in the journal Reproductive BioMedicine states that storing a cellphone in a pants pocket can reduce sperm production. Increased temperature and electromagnetic activity in mobile phones can cause a decrease in sperm count, motility level (sperm movement), and lower sperm shape compared to those who put cellphones in a bag. As many as 47 percent of cases with this condition have been found especially in men who keep their cellphones in their pants pockets throughout the day.
4. Less sleep
A study published in the journal Fertility & amp; Sterility found evidence that men who slept less than six hours a night had sperm that had a 31 percent lower chance of fertilizing an egg compared to those who had enough sleep at around 7 to 8 hours per night.
However, sleeping too long is also not good for fertility. Therefore, try to apply a sufficient sleep pattern that is as much as 7 to 8 hours per night to get maximum benefit.
Elaine de Quadros, DHSc, is a supervisor of andrology laboratories and certified laboratories at The Fertility & amp; The Miami IVF Center states that having a high fever can cause a temporary interruption in sperm production in a man.
During a fever, a man's entire body gets hot, including the testicles. It takes 72 days for sperm to start being produced again and will be ejaculated. Therefore, if a man has a fever for two days usually the number of sperm will recover and be in a normal amount for the next 2 to 3 months.
6.Alcohol and caffeine
Any alcoholic beverage can reduce testosterone levels which can cause a decrease in sperm quality and amount. Not only are sperm affected, but alcohol can also reduce sexual arousal and cause impotence.
Quoted from Prevention, men who drank five or more drinks a week had 33 percent lower sperm counts than men who only drank 1 to 5 drinks each week.
Not only alcohol, caffeine consumed in excess can also reduce sperm count. For that, limit consumption of foods and beverages that contain caffeine by consuming only 1 to 2 cups per day.
7. Exposed to chemical compounds
Chemicals and toxic substances such as pesticides, solvents and various heavy metals can reduce sperm count and increase the risk of sperm disorders. Therefore, men who work in areas that are exposed to poison every day need to wear protective clothing and face masks to avoid direct exposure to a variety of hazardous chemicals.
It is also important to note that BPA or chemicals found in plastic bottles of drinking water, food containers, and layers of aluminum cans can endanger the number of sperm in the testicles.
A study published in the journal Fertility & amp; Sterility reports the fact that men with higher levels of BPA in their urine have lower sperm counts and qualities compared to men with lower BPA levels.
For that, avoid plastic and tin-based food and beverage containers. Never choose drinking bottles with recycling numbers 3 and 7 because they are quite dangerous and have a high risk of contaminating the water in them.
You can check the label and this code number at the bottom of the bottle before you buy it. Try to bring a drinking bottle from home and make sure that when you buy it, BPA free is written to ensure that the bottle is safe from this substance.
8. Testosterone and steroid supplements
Testosterone supplements are often relied on for people with low sexual arousal. While anabolic steroids that contain synthetic substances similar to the testosterone hormone are usually used illegally to build muscle and body mass for athletes.
When a man consumes artificial testosterone from the outside, the body automatically thinks that hormone levels in the body increase and stop natural testosterone production. Though natural testosterone is needed by the body to produce sperm.
Usually, the use of artificial testosterone does not cause permanent damage as long as it is not overused. Generally, after three months after the use of supplements and steroids is stopped, the body will again produce sperm.
9. Certain medicines
Calcium channel blockers and beta blockers that are often used to treat high blood pressure, chemotherapy drugs, and other cancer treatments are types of drugs that can interfere with sperm production.
Therefore, those of you and your partner who are or are planning a pregnancy in the near future need to talk to the relevant doctor to ask whether the type of medication used in your treatment is included which affects the quality and quantity of sperm or not.
Shahin Ghadir, MD, FACOG, an obstetrician and reproductive endocrinologist in America states that being overweight will have a negative impact on sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm morphology (size and shape).
Because the excess fat in the body can convert testosterone to estrogen and excess estrogen can damage sperm growth and quality. For that, try checking whether you are obese or not by using this BMI calculator.
The various things and habits above can threaten the number of sperm in the testis. Therefore, the best way to keep it normal is to avoid the cause and of course to adopt a healthy lifestyle in your daily life.
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