Entering the third trimester of pregnancy indicates you are getting closer to the time of delivery. The fetus in the womb is also getting bigger, continues to grow and grow until the time of birth. But before you reach the date of labor, there are many things that happen to you and other pregnant women while in the third trimester of pregnancy. What body changes occur during the third trimester?
1. Gain weight in the third trimester
When you enter the 28th week, you begin your third trimester of pregnancy. It's natural that the older the pregnancy, the more you gain weight. Weight gain is caused by a growing fetus. In addition, the size of the placenta, amniotic fluid, uterus, and enlarged breasts is also the reason why your weight increases. Weight gain usually experienced by women - who have a normal BMI before pregnancy - in the third trimester of pregnancy is around 11-16 kg.
2. Having back and pelvic pain
When you get closer to labor, your body's hormones will change. Changes in this hormone cause the joints between the pelvic bones to relax. Actually this condition occurs to make it easier for pregnant women to remove the baby during labor later. But during the third trimester this is precisely the cause of back pain in pregnant women.
3. Fake contractions appear
Be prepared to experience several contractions during the third trimester. Contractions that occur more than once are usually fake, not contractions that should occur when the time of labor is very close - even though the symptoms and taste are almost the same. Indeed, not all women will experience this false contraction, but it is not impossible that this can happen to you. Some things that distinguish false contractions from actual contractions:
- False contractions usually don't hurt as much as contractions when giving birth
- Does not occur at regular time intervals
- Can be removed by stopping doing activities or changing sitting or sleeping positions.
- Does not occur for a long time
- The more frequent the pain will decrease
4. Breath becomes shorter
A fetus that grows bigger in the last trimester will automatically push the uterus, then the diaphragm - the muscle under the lungs that helps the process of taking air - also moves up about 4 cm from the position before pregnancy. Air space in the lungs is also compressed. All of this results in you not being able to take too much air in one breath.
5. Feel the stomach heat
One result of hormonal changes during pregnancy is a symptom of heartburn or stomach heat. This heat sensation or heartburn arises when stomach acid rises into the esophagus. In pregnant women, the hormone progesterone will relax the valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach, so that stomach acid can rise. In addition, this hormone also slows contractions in the intestine, so digestion slows down.
6. Swelling in several parts of the body
During pregnancy, the body produces 50% more blood than in normal conditions. this is of course to support babies who are currently in the mother's bladder. The greater the belly of the mother, it will make the blood vessels around the uterus depressed. This pressure makes the blood flow slower and causes fluid buildup in several parts of the body. The body parts that most often experience swelling are the ankles and the surroundings.
7. Frequent urination
The enlarged size of the uterus can also make the bladder - the organ that stores urine before being expelled - is depressed. The position of the fetus that has moved towards the pelvis makes the bladder increasingly depressed. Pressure on the bladder stimulates you to urinate more often. Especially when you laugh, cough, or sneeze, urine can come out suddenly because there is additional pressure from the activity you did at that time.
8. Hemorrhoids and varicose veins arise in the legs
Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids occur when the blood vessels around the rectum are swollen. While varicose veins are also swollen blood vessels, but in this case it occurs in the leg veins. Swelling of blood vessels is caused by the hormone progesterone which stimulates blood vessels to expand themselves during pregnancy. In addition, the pressure from the uterus which causes blood vessels around the uterus to be blocked, this makes blood flow in the legs and parts of the anus also slow down.
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