Not only dust or allergies to something, asthma attacks can occur due to exercise. Yes, asthma during exercise often occurs and is unexpected. Even so, actually sports can be one of the alternative treatments for people with asthma, in order to reduce symptoms.
Even a study published in the European Respiratory Journal, proves that regular exercise for 12 weeks can make asthma symptoms more controlled.
Of course, asthma attacks when exercise can be prevented anyway. There are several things you can do to prevent asthma during exercise. Come follow, so that the exercise is calm and your body is in shape.
Easy tips for preventing asthma while exercising
1. Control asthma well
Maybe you already know if asthma is a recurring disease that can't be cured. Even so, you can still prevent asthma from recurring. So, in order to avoid an asthma attack during exercise, you must make sure that the disease is well controlled.
Take control of the asthma that you have by regularly taking the recommended drugs. Remember, some medications are recommended to be taken regularly.
Now, how to prevent asthma when other sports are by avoiding various triggers. Yes, from dust, cold air, cigarette smoke, to air pollution.
Instead of doing outdoor sports that are cold, dusty, and full of pollution, you can exercise indoors. Don't forget to make sure that the room you are using for sports is clean of dust and the air is quite clean.
2. Shut your mouth and nose while exercising in cold weather
Remember, asthma can recur if you breathe cold and dry air. Closing your mouth and nose will prevent cold air from entering the airway.
You can use a scarf or mask. This trick will keep the air around your mouth and nose warm and moist.
3. Don't forget to warm up first
Many underestimate warming up before exercise. Though heating is intended to make the body ready and not surprised when exercising. This is important for anyone, including those of you who have asthma.
Because heating is one way to prevent asthma during exercise. Starting from the road slowly then proceed with jogging for 30 seconds and rest 60 seconds. You can do this 2-3 times.
Heating before exercise can be done for 5-10 minutes, depending on the condition of each body.
4. Select the appropriate type of sport
So that asthma does not recur during exercise, choose the right type of exercise, which is what doesn't make you breathless.
Some sports make you breathe faster than other sports, for example long distance running, basketball and soccer. The faster your breath is, the higher the chances of relapse of asthma.
Meanwhile, sports that are safe for you such as sprints, baseball, volleyball, weight lifting, wrestling, golf, volleyball, and yoga. This type of exercise is short-lived so you don't need to take your breath too often and give you a chance to catch your breath.
5. Get used to breathing through your nose while exercising
Generally, when exercising, people often breathe through their mouth. Indeed, breathing in your mouth will attract more amount of air than you breathe through your nose.
But unlike the nose, the mouth doesn't have hairs and sinus cavities like the nose that helps warm and moisturize the incoming air.
By getting used to breathing through your nose, you will keep the inhaled air warm and moist so that you avoid the recurrence of asthma.
6. Make preparations beforehand
Even though you can prevent asthma during exercise, you should still prepare a nebulizer and inhaler when you exercise. If you are afraid to start exercise because of your asthma, it is better to consult and discuss this with your doctor.
Can I not run long distances or compete in basketball or football?
If running a marathon, basketball or soccer is your favorite sport, but you have asthma, don't be discouraged! You can still do this sport safely.
You can prevent asthma by using drugs such as short-acting beta-2-agonist (SABA), low-dose inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-2-agonist (LABA), and higher-dose inhaled corticosteroids.
Some of these drugs are included in the class of drugs that are permitted to be used in competition (not considered doping).
However, there are also drugs that you need to report to an anti-doping body when used when competing. Consult with your doctor about the right dosage and usage.
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