High blood sugar levels, or commonly referred to as hyperglycemia, are commonly found in people who have diabetes and experience interference with the hormone insulin. If high blood sugar levels are not treated, this can cause organ damage, coma, or even death.
What should be done when high blood sugar levels?
Diligently monitoring blood sugar levels is a good way to prevent and overcome blood sugar too high. Also note the symptoms of soaring blood sugar levels in people who have diabetes such as feeling thirsty, frequent urination, and the mouth feels dry.
Then, here are ways you can immediately do to reduce blood sugar levels:
1. Check blood sugar
If you have a type 2 diabetes condition, your doctor may recommend a blood sugar test, twice or more a day. A blood glucose test at home can be used to measure the amount of blood sugar after eating and after sleeping at night.
The test can be done using a small portable machine called a blood glucose meter. Blood sugar tests at home are useful for monitoring blood sugar levels daily. The following are the criteria for the results shown by the current blood sugar (GDS) test:
- Normal: below 200 mg /dl
- Conditions for hyperglycemia: above 200 mg /dl
However, actual blood sugar levels can change over time, such as before eating and after eating. The following is the normal range of your blood sugar levels at any time.
- After not eating for 8 hours (fasting): less than 100 mg /dl
- Before eating: 70-130 mg /dl
- After eating (1-2 hours): less than 180 mg /dl
- Before bed: 100-140 mg /dl
2. Injection of insulin
Once you know the high blood sugar levels in the body and the results of HbA1c blood tests remain high after the use of antidiabetic medication, you will usually need insulin injections to neutralize blood sugar levels. Keep in mind, the hormone insulin can work faster when injected into your stomach, just above or beside your belly button. The insulin hormone will work more slowly when injected in the upper arm, it will be even slower at the foot, and slowest in the buttocks.
Insulin helps control blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. The way is by giving signals to fat cells, muscles, and the liver to take glucose from the blood and turn it into glycogen (muscle sugar) in muscle cells, triglycerides in fat cells, and both in liver cells. Also make sure to check the blood sugar levels again, to find out if you inject the right dose of insulin or not.
3. Drink more water
If your blood sugar level is high, you are advised to drink immediately. Because the water in the body will try to neutralize the excess sugar from the blood, then throw it through the urine. As a result, your body will need more fluids to hydrate yourself.
Diabetics must get used to drinking mineral water, not 8 glasses per day but drink mineral water according to their needs to be dehydrated properly. The higher physical activity is carried out, the more water needs the body needs.
Exercise is a good way to control your blood sugar level in a healthy dose. In addition, exercise can also help lower high blood sugar levels by making your heart pump blood throughout the body.
When pumping blood, glucose is used in the bloodstream to bring more energy. Try to increase your heart rate for at least 10 to 15 minutes. Check your blood sugar intermittently to prevent it from being too low in your effort to stabilize it.
5. Limit sugar intake
High blood sugar levels occur due to excess sugar intake from the food you eat. It's a good idea to start reducing and limiting your daily sugar intake. If necessary, use a low-calorie sweetener and contain chromium to improve insulin function in the body, thus helping diabetics control blood sugar.
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