Tongue is an organ that functions to help the body to digest food, swallow, talk, and so on. However, which is rarely known, the appearance of the tongue can also reflect the health of the body in general. For example, a yellow tongue that might indicate you have jaundice or only limited to dry mouth and rarely brush your teeth. Then, what about the itchy, dry, pale tongue? What caused it? Check out the answer below.
Various things that can cause the tongue to itch
Allergies are a health condition that causes the tongue to itch, especially food allergic reactions. Some types of foods that commonly cause allergies are nuts and seeds (almonds, hazelnuts, soybeans, or oats), seafood (shellfish, fish, shrimp, and crabs), and milk and eggs.
In addition, a recent study showed that the protein found in some fruits and vegetables has an allergic effect similar to the protein in the food group above. Some of the most common fruits and vegetables that can cause itchy tongue are pineapple, peaches, nectarines, apples, cherries, prunes, pears, melons, kiwi, bananas, carrots, celery, cucumbers, and zucchini.
2. Diabetic complications
A weakened immune system along with your diabetes can increase your risk of fungal infections in the mouth (oral yeast infections) and other infections. This can cause the tongue to feel itchy, numb, or even hairy.
The reason is that high blood sugar in people who have diabetes will become an abundant food and energy source for fungi and bacteria. As a result, bacteria increasingly multiply and cause infection.
However, this one complication of diabetes is relatively mild and can be easily prevented. You only need to routinely maintain oral and dental hygiene, and keep sugar levels within the normal range.
3. Eating alcohol or smoking
Cigarettes and alcoholic beverages can cause the tongue to itch due to irritation from chemical ingredients. In addition, smoking tends to increase the risk of getting canker sores and dry mouth (xerostomia) causes of itching.
4. Tongue burns because of hot food or drink
Hurrying to eat hot food can cause the tongue to "burn" which is marked by a hot and itchy tongue. These two annoying sensations can also occur in other areas of the mouth, such as the inside of the cheeks, gums, lips, or palate. Other symptoms that may accompany include thirst and dry mouth.
5. Fungal infections
Fungal infections of the tongue can cause the tongue itchy, pale, and sometimes cause canker sores. In severe cases sometimes fungal infections can spread to the inside of your cheeks and throat. This condition is more likely to occur in infants and older adults because of their low immunity. But if you have a weak immune system, the symptoms may be more severe and the development of fungi is difficult to control.
- 5 Unique Facts About Human Tongue You Must Know
- 7 health conditions that cause tongue color to turn yellow
- Is Spicy Food Really Making Sprue Tongues? And Other Myths About Sprue