Biting your tongue accidentally, scratching your braces, canker sores, and eating foods that are sharp and hard textured can cause your tongue to bleed. In addition to these various things, a number of certain health conditions ranging from trivial to serious can also cause your tongue to bleed.
Various causes of tongue bleeding plus how to overcome it
1. Mouth sores
Ulcers in the mouth including the tongue occur due to hormonal changes and certain health conditions such as vitamin B12 deficiency or inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcers can appear large in size with circular red edges. If you are exposed to a sharp toothbrush and hard food that hits the wound, your tongue can bleed. This condition can also be called stomatitis
Don't worry, generally this condition will heal on its own, which is about one to two weeks. However, if the wound lasts for more than 3 weeks, immediately consult a doctor. Usually to eliminate a variety of symptoms that are quite painful the doctor will prescribe mouthwash. In addition, doctors can also prescribe lozenges containing corticosteroids.
2. Fungal infections
Fungal infections such as candiasis and canker sores include health problems that can affect most parts of the mouth, including the tongue. Thrush and other fungal infections can cause white to yellow spots that are quite sore in certain parts of the mouth.
Babies, people with diseases that affect the immune system, and people who take antibiotics will usually experience this one health problem.
If you eat foods with a sharp texture that hurt canker sores, then minor bleeding cannot be avoided. To overcome this, the doctor will prescribe an antifungal in the form of cream or drink.
3. Oral herpes
Oral herpes is an infection caused by type one or two herpes simplex virus. This type of herpes is spread through oral contact such as kissing or oral sex with people who have an active herpes virus.
Although it initially appears in the mouth, oral herpes can appear on the tongue. If so, wounds on the tongue due to oral herpes are prone to bleeding if exposed to foods with a rough and sharp texture.
The following are various symptoms of oral herpes that you need to watch out for, namely:
- Redness and pain that commonly affects the mouth and lips.
- A fluid-filled rash that breaks will become an open wound.
- Blisters that group together and grow together form a fairly large lesion.
- Itching, tingling, or burning sensation in the mouth.
Oral herpes cannot be cured, but taking several medications can help control symptoms. Certain drugs can also make the virus inactive for a long time. Oral antiviral drugs and topical creams such as docosanol (Abreva) are the main oral herpes drugs that will generally be prescribed.
4. Vascular abnormalities and lymph system
Bleeding on the tongue can be caused by a blood vessel abnormality called a hemangioma. This can occur due to lymphatic system abnormalities such as limfangioma and cystic hygromas.
Usually, this condition is often found in the head and neck and mouth. Quoted from Healthline, about 90 percent of these disorders will develop before the child reaches the age of 2 years. Although rare, hemangiomas on the tongue can cause bleeding, pain, and difficulty eating. Generally it will be more common in women than men.
To treat hemangiomas on the tongue, the procedure is adjusted to the age and physical condition of the individual. Some possible treatments include surgery, corticosteroids, radiation, and laser. However, in many cases the tongue hemangioma will disappear by itself without the need for treatment.
5. Tongue cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of tongue cancer. In addition to the tongue, this condition can affect the lining of the mouth, nose, voice box, thyroid, and also the throat. The various symptoms of tongue cancer that usually appear are:
- Tongue bleeding
- Pain when swallowing
- A lump on a painful tongue
- Mouth is numbed
Treatment of tongue cancer is adjusted to the level of cancer experienced. Surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the treatment options for treating tongue cancer.
Home care to relieve tongue bleeding
Although it is not intended to cure, you can make this home treatment an option to relieve symptoms and also bleeding on the tongue. Here are some things you can do:
- Put ice cubes wrapped in cloth on a wound on the tongue until the bleeding stops.
- Gargle with warm water and antiseptic mouthwash two to three times a day.
- Press for 15-20 minutes the part of the tongue that bleeds with a clean cloth
- Rinse your mouth with salt water or baking soda solution three to five times a day.
- Avoid hot, sour, spicy and sharp textured foods and drinks that can irritate the injured tongue.
- Don't touch the sore tongue and avoid chewing on the side of the sore tongue.
If indeed the home method above bleeding does not stop, you should immediately go to the hospital for further treatment.
Preventing risk factors for causing bleeding tongue
Even though certain health conditions that cause bleeding tongue are difficult to control, you can make several efforts to reduce the risk factors. Some ways you can do that are:
- Maintain oral hygiene by brushing your teeth and cleaning your tongue regularly.
- Reducing alcohol consumption.
- Don't smoke.
You also need to be careful when eating in a hurry that can cause your tongue to bite. In addition, try not to eat foods with a texture that is hard enough that can hurt the tongue.
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