Height is very sensitive, especially for men. In Indonesia, the average height for men is 168 cm, while for women it is 163 cm. You must think that the child's height is caused by their heredity, but is that true? To find out what are the unique facts about height, let's look at the 10 facts below:
1. Humans grow very fast in the first year
Children in the first year seem to grow faster, so every parent must continue to buy new clothes per month. However, do you know how exactly your body grows? Humans tend to grow maximally and quickly when babies are in their first year of life. Babies grow about 25 cm from birth to 1 year old. Then, height continues to increase until teenagers. Women usually stop when they reach 2-3 years after their first menstruation. Some men will continue to grow up to high school, while others continue to grow until their 20s.
Have you ever noticed that your child is getting taller every night? This is caused by growth hormones which are released when sleeping. So, make sure that your child sleeps quietly throughout the night. This will help them grow optimally.
2. Height changes at any time
Not only does your body weight vary every day, but your height is the same. You will have the highest body in the morning when you wake up, but at night your body will decrease 1 cm. Doctors explain this phenomenon caused by spinal discs that grip the bone, so that the bones become erect throughout the day. When you sleep, the spine relaxes, so you become taller in the morning than at night.
3. Genes do not always affect height
Genes determine about 60-80 percent of your height, while the rest depends on environmental factors such as nutrition. Lifestyle and eating habits are the contribution of the most important environmental factors to height. Help your child to grow optimally by providing proper food, adequate rest, and good physical activity. To ensure your child grows and develops, you must plan a balanced diet, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, dairy products, and lean protein for your child. This will supply the vitamins and minerals needed and play an important role in growth.
4. High stature is more at risk of cancer
Studies show that high stature can increase the risk of cancer. According to medical records, the highest women have a risk of more than 37% getting cancer. There are many cells in a person's body that are high, so the number of these cells has the possibility to cause cancer. But don't worry, because the risk of cancer is relatively low. Instead of being busy avoiding cancer risk factors, it's better to avoid smoking, alcohol, and unhealthy weight.
5. The tall body has more opportunities to earn money
Several studies have shown that taller people not only hold higher job profiles, but also earn more money compared to those who are short in stature. According to a classic study in the Journal of Applied Psychology, tall people have more income per year. According to research, the higher a person's height, the more influences how he observes himself (which is called self-esteem) and how others see them (which is called social self-esteem). Both have a huge influence on the performance of their work, which in turn affects the success of their career.
6. Shrink height at 40 years old
As you get older, you will experience shrinkage, but you certainly don't expect that shrinkage will occur faster. Both men and women will begin to decline in height at the age of 40 years. You might lose 1 cm per decade. This will happen because your spine loses water which makes it gradually shrink. Diseases such as osteoporosis will weaken the bones and worsen the problem. However, you might be able to make your body look taller by improving your posture. You can achieve this by exercising and yoga asanas.
7. High body is good for the heart
Height is inversely proportional to the risk of heart disease. Research shows that short adults (below 160 cm) have a higher risk of suffering from heart disease. The researchers claim that every 6 cm difference, the risk will increase by 13.5% for each individual.
8. Genes can affect abnormal body height
Very short people are referred to as people who have dwarfism conditions, while very high people have gigantism conditions. About one in 15,000 adults has dwarfism (having a height of less than 155 cm). According to Michael J. Goldenberg, MD, head of Dysplasia Clinic at Seattle Children's Hospital, that people who experience dwarfism are caused by genetic mutations that make bones grow short. On the other hand, gigantism results from excess growth hormone during childhood, which is often also caused by benign tumors in the pituitary gland.
9. Cigarettes affect height
The Annals of Epidemiology study found that boys who often smoke between the ages of 12 and 17 years will have a height of 3 cm shorter than their non-smoking counterparts, even though the same effect is not seen in women. Certain medical problems, including food allergies, hormonal imbalances, and heart, liver or kidney problems can also inhibit the growth of children because of certain drugs (for example: stimulant drugs for ADHD).
10. Girls are faster than boys
Women reach peak growth in puberty, which is usually achieved between the ages of 11-12 years. Therefore, we often see in class that most girls are taller than men of the same age. Usually boys will grow quickly at the age of 13-14 years. However, with good nutrition, both will grow to the period towards adulthood.
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