Fathers and mothers with children aged infants or toddlers must often carry their sons and daughters. Carrying can indeed be one of the activities to bring parents closer to their children. However, the position of carrying a baby must also be considered, it cannot be careless. One of the things you need to pay attention to is the condition of the joint between the baby's hip and the baby's thigh bone. Do not let your regular activities carry it even adds new problems, namely the condition of hip dysplasia in infants.
What is hip dysplasia in infants?
Hip or hip is an important part of supporting most body weight and is used to move the upper leg so that the baby can walk, go up the stairs, and also sit.
The condition of hip dysplasia is a form of joint between the hip and the tip of the baby's thigh bone that is not normal. The part at the end of the thigh bone can normally fit properly into the hip bone. But in babies who have dysplasia, the part shifts out of place (see picture below).
This condition does not cause pain so often babies who have hip dysplasia do not feel the symptoms. The joint between the pelvis and the baby's thighs is still soft, flexible, and in the form of cartilage. As a result, this condition makes the baby's hip more susceptible to dislocation (the bone shifts from its supposed position) than the adult's hip. If there is an improper loading, it will be easier to make a shift.
What causes hip dysplasia?
Actually the cause of dysplasia is not yet known. However, there are some things that are thought to be the trigger, namely:
- Genetics. Hip dysplasia can be 12 times more risky in infants who have parents with hip dysplasia formerly
- The position of the baby in the womb. The position of breech babies has a greater risk of developing hip dysplasia than babies who are in the normal position in the mother's womb
- Bone is still soft. The joint between the femur and hip is still soft, so that the burdensome burden can easily affect changes in the joint.
Position holding baby and hip dysplasia
Quoted from the International Hip Dysplasia Institute page, actually hip dysplasia cannot be prevented 100 percent. However, one way to reduce the risk of a baby experiencing hip dysplasia is to hold the baby properly. Because, how to carry a baby can affect the development of the overall posture. By holding a baby that is not right, this can lead to the position of the baby's hip experiencing dislocation more easily.
Dr. Fettweis, an orthopedic specialist from Germany suggests that holding a baby in the right position can prevent the occurrence of hip dysplasia. Therefore, it is very important to position the baby when carried with his legs apart between the right and left, and the position of the knee is higher than the hip joint. Make sure the buttocks are supporting the baby's weight.
The position of holding the ideal baby
If you hold a baby in front, you should position the baby so that his feet form the letter M like the following picture.
With position M, very little loading in the joints between the baby's hips and thighs. The position of the knee is also slightly higher than the buttocks. With the buttocks as the main support, this condition does not make the joints between the hips and thighs too heavy to hang down. Also make sure the baby's face is visible from above, do not go too far under the clothes of the person who is carrying it.
The position of carrying a baby is not right
Berkut this is the position of carrying a less precise:
In the picture on the left (not recommended) because the position of the joint in the thigh is hanging. This position provides greater emphasis on the hip joint and is more at risk of causing hip dysplasia.
In the picture on the right, this position is better than the left. Emphasis in the hip joint is less than how to carry the left side.
The picture on the left is not recommended, because this position forces the baby's feet to be too tight so that it can increase the risk of hip dysplasia.
The principle is the same as the ideal holding position, even when carrying a sling model, make minimal pressure on the joints between the hips and thighs. Let your feet stretch to the right and left so that the position is stable and does not burden the joints on the hip.
Tips for choosing a baby carrier
Besides paying attention to how to carry, when you are going to buy a baby carrier don't forget to try it first. Choosing a baby carrier is actually a very personal thing, meaning this is largely determined by the comfort of you and your own baby. There are also some things that you need to consider when buying a baby carrier:
- Convenient for parents and babies . Choose a sling that is comfortable for your position. Look for a wide strap so that it can support the baby's weight. For babies, look for a sling that does not constrict the baby's thighs, but not too loosely so the baby doesn't fall easily.
- Sturdy . Make sure the baby's seat and straps can support the baby's weight. Remember, too, if you want to use a sling for the long term, the child will get heavier. So look for a sling that is very sturdy to support baby's weight gain onward.
- Easy to use . Make sure that when you use the sling you can set it yourself without help. You can also take it out and put your baby in a sling easily.
- Easy to clean . Babies usually like to take food out of their mouth, or spill food so they can often contaminate the sling. Make sure the baby sling you will choose can indeed be cleaned if things happen.
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