If you have experienced cantilever nails, you will understand exactly what the pain is like. Cantengan also makes you feel insecure because nails that grow inward can look terrible. Sometimes, the skin of the foot itself can cover the edge of the nail, which causes the nail to become embedded in the skin.
There are many versions of cantengan or ingrown. Short for cutting nails can cause nails to grow into the skin. Narrow shoes can cause nails to be pressed in and over time become cantengan. The big toe that sags against the wooden door or table leg can also cause broken nails and eventually grow inward. But why do nails grow inward?
What is the process of nail growth like?
Each nail initially grows from a small bag under the skin of the base of the nail called the matrix. The nail matrix is in charge of producing new nail cells without stopping. These nail cells then push the group of old nail cells out of the skin. The nails on the back of your fingers that you can see and touch right now are dead nail cells.
Nails continue to grow at a speed of 0.1 mm per day or 3 mm in one month. Nail growth rate is influenced by a number of physical and environmental activities. For example, during the daytime and in summer, nails grow faster than at night or in winter. Nails also grow faster in your right hand if you are right-handed, and faster in your left hand if you are left-handed. Nails grow faster in men and people younger than women and parents.
Fever and serious illness slow the growth rate of the nail. Mild trauma such as nail biting stimulates nail growth, while physical or poor nutrition slows nail growth.
Why can nails be cantengan?
Nail growth is a fairly fragile process - uninterruptedly balancing the stress that nails get and trying to keep the nails sticking to the base of the nail. Nails that grow too fast or slow can disrupt this balance, changing the curvature of the nails out of the nail groove.
The tip of the sharp edge of the nail can develop out of the proper groove of the nail and become pushed into pressing the skin, causing ingrown nail. The fingernails grow very slowly, but the pattern of growth of your toenails is even slower. This is why toenails are more prone to experiencing cantengan.
Initially, the skin around the cantilever nails may feel soft, swollen or hardened. But if it continues to be allowed, the great pressure from the use of the foot continues, ingrown toenails can tear the skin into the epidermis (middle layer of skin). The bacteria can enter through this wound and then cause inflammation, pain and infection. Cantengan may also bleed or expel pus.
How do you treat cantengan nails?
Canting nails that are left infected can become recurring problems and cause serious complications, such as bone problems.
If the nails that grow in are not infected, you can try several medications at home to minimize the pain and prevent ingrown nails from growing again. Here are some ideas for home remedies for nail polish:
Soak in warm salt water for 15 minutes for 3-4 times a day. While soaking, you can use a cotton bud to gently push the skin away from the nail. Warm water can also relieve pain and swelling caused by cantengan. Dry your feet well afterwards.
Keep your feet clean and dry while on the move except when soaking.
Take painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Apply antibiotic ointment to reduce the risk of infection.
- Wrap your fingers with a bandage gauze and use sandals while on the move. Or, use shoes made of fine cloth with a wide distance between fingers. Avoid wearing tight shoes.
If the symptoms do not heal gradually or if you have already been infected, don't try to treat the cantengan yourself. Infected cans need to be examined by podiatrists, podiatrists.
The doctor may prescribe antibiotics and /or remove some of the nails embedded into the skin and the underlying nail pads to prevent problems from coming back. As the nails grow again, the doctor can place a piece of cotton under the nail to prevent the nails from growing out of the way. It is important to regularly change cotton every day.
If the infection persists, the doctor can recommend removing part of the nail through surgery.
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