Is your weight in the normal range? If you want to get pregnant, weight is something you must prepare. Normal weight before pregnancy can increase your chances of having a healthy pregnancy. However, if you are fat or thin before becoming pregnant, complications can occur during pregnancy. This not only impacts you, but also your prospective baby.
The importance of weight before pregnancy
Not only has a bad impact on your pregnancy, your weight before pregnancy can also affect your fertility. According to the National Institutes of Health, being underweight, overweight or obese can increase the risk of infertility.
Your weight before pregnancy also determines how much weight you should achieve when you are pregnant so you have a healthy pregnancy. If you have a thin body before becoming pregnant, that means you have to increase your weight during pregnancy. However, this is not an easy thing, especially if you experience problems during pregnancy, such as morning sickness or hyperemesis gravidarum.
Therefore, it is recommended that you prepare your body before becoming pregnant so that you are more likely to have a healthy pregnancy. One of them is by getting your normal weight. You are said to have a normal weight if you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9.
What if you have a thin body while pregnant?
Having less weight or being thin before becoming pregnant makes you tend to stay thin during pregnancy. Less weight during pregnancy can certainly have an impact on your pregnancy. If you have less weight when you start pregnant or if you have not managed to raise enough weight during pregnancy, you will be at greater risk of having a premature birth and a smaller fetus (SGA). In the end, you will give birth to a baby with a low birth weight (LBW).
This can put the baby on a number of problems. LBW can increase your baby's risk of dying after birth. A 2013 study from the University of Maryland School of Public Health showed that women who did not raise enough weight during pregnancy had a higher risk of losing their babies in the first year of life. This study examines the relationship between increasing maternal weight during pregnancy, maternal BMI before pregnancy and during pregnancy, and infant mortality.
Not only that, LBW babies can also increase the risk of nutritional problems and developments early in life. This can then increase health risks in adulthood, such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. The smaller the weight of the baby born, the greater the risk of the baby experiencing health problems in his life.
What should be done if you have a thin body before you get pregnant?
All you have to do is increase your weight until you reach a normal weight (check using a BMI) before becoming pregnant. This can be done by increasing your food intake, taking into account balanced nutritious food.
If you are already pregnant but your weight is still lacking, then you should try to increase your weight during pregnancy. This helps to prevent various complications that can be caused due to underweight during pregnancy. If you have less weight before becoming pregnant (BMI less than 18.5), you must increase your weight during pregnancy by 13-18 kg.
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