There are so many minerals in the body that function to help launch the entire metabolic process, one of which is phosphorus or phosphate. Normally, blood phosphate levels in the body of people aged 18 years and above are 2.5-4.5 mg /dL. As with other levels of substances and minerals, phosphate levels in the blood should ideally be within reasonable limits - they should not be too little, let alone excessive. Well, hyperphosphatemia is a condition of phosphate that is too high in the blood. This condition can be dangerous for the health of the bones and heart if it is not treated quickly.
The cause of hyperphosphatemia is a kidney disorder
Phosphate is a mineral that has many functions in the body, including helping to maintain the strength of bones and teeth. Phosphate levels in the body are regulated by the kidneys. Excess phosphate is usually excreted in the urine. If the kidneys are disrupted and cannot function properly, the kidneys cannot remove the remaining phosphate from the body. As a result, phosphate levels become too high in the blood.
Apart from kidney disease, several other conditions that can also cause hyperphosphatemia are:
- Uncontrolled diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes causes high blood sugar levels that can trigger damage in the body's organs, one of them is the kidney.
- Diabetic acidosis
- Low parathyroid hormone
- Excess vitamin D
- Serious infections throughout the body
- Take high-dose phosphate supplements (& gt; 250 mg) daily
A sudden increase in blood phosphate levels in the blood can occur due to taking phosphorus-containing laxatives as a colonoscopy preparation.
What are the symptoms of hyperphosphatemia?
Symptoms of hyperphosphatemia are not very clearly seen. Usually, the symptoms of the disease or the underlying conditions are more visible. For example, if your hyperphosphatemia is caused by complications of diabetes, then what appears is a symptom of diabetes.
What are the consequences of hyperphosphatemia in the body?
In blood, phosphate binds to calcium. So, the effect of hyperphosphatemia is a decrease in calcium in the blood. When calcium in your blood decreases, the body will take supplies of bone as. Over time, deposits of calcium in the bones will be depleted due to it and can cause bone loss.
In addition, the risk of calcification in the walls of blood vessels, tissues and other organs also increases. Calcification is the deposition of calcium salt plaque in the soft tissues of the body which then hardens. Hardening of the heart artery wall, for example, is atherosclerosis which is the beginning of a stroke.
What treatment can be done at home?
Hyperphosphatemia can be treated alone at home by changing a healthier diet, and limiting the portion of the following foods:
- Red meat
- Chicken meat or other poultry meat
- Egg yolks
The above foods are high-protein food sources. Eating too much protein will cause the kidneys to work extra hard to get rid of the excess waste produced by the protein. Therefore, do not consume too much protein.
Reported on the Healthline page, doctors can also prescribe phosphate-lowering drugs in the blood, such as:
- Acerate calcium and calcium bicarbonate
- Lanthanum (Fosrenol)
- Sevelamer hydrochloride (Renagel)
Before using the medicine, you should consult with your doctor first.
How to prevent it?
The main way to prevent hyperphosphatemia is to protect kidney health, or immediately get treatment for your kidney disease to protect it from further damage. Keeping blood pressure stable also plays an important role in maintaining kidney health.
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