Although it is more common in women, it does not mean that men cannot get urinary tract infections. If left untreated, urinary tract infections in men can cause prostate, epididymis, and inflamed testicles that can be at risk of fertility problems. What are the options for treating urinary infections for men?
Various choices of male urinary tract infections
Treatment at home
1. Drink more water
Expand to drink water to help remove urine to rinse the bacteria. You can also drink real fruit juice or eat fresh fruits and vegetables that contain lots of water, such as watermelon and cucumber, to help increase urine production.
This also helps reduce the possibility of bacteria sticking to the cells in the urinary tract wall that can cause infection.
2. Take vitamin C
In addition to increasing stamina and immunity, vitamin C supplements also help increase the acidity of urine which will speed up the healing process.
3. Rest more
Complete rest and avoid certain activities that can worsen conditions, such as avoiding biking or other activities that can trap heat and moisture in the groin area. Your doctor may advise you to fast sex first until the infection is completely cured so as not to infect your partner.
4. Keep personal clean
Always pay attention to personal hygiene, not only when you are sick but also before and after recovering. Keep the penis clean to avoid germs from the penis skin infiltrate the urethra. When bathing, it's better to use a shower than to soak in a bathtub. Use soap that is not scented.
Treatment at the doctor
Most cases of urinary tract infections in men can be easily treated by taking prescription antibiotics for 3-10 days. The choice of antibiotics that may be prescribed is:
- Fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin)
- Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ)
- Analgesics, such as phenazopyridine
- Penicillin (ampicilin, amoxicillin, ertapenem, erythromycin, vancomycin, doxycycline, aztreonam, rifampicin)
Each of the above drugs has provisions for dosage, how to use, and the risk of different side effects. So, consult with your doctor about which medication is suitable for your condition.
Free pain medications such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) or ibuprofen can also be used to relieve pain, but first consult a doctor before combining your prescription antibiotics with over-the-counter drugs.
Surgical intervention may be needed to treat urinary tract infections in men who experience complications:
- Prostatitis that clogs the bladder neck; prostate stones; or recurrent prostatitis.
- Emphysema pyelonephritis, which requires immediate nephrotomy.
- Epididymitis which causes torsion of spermatic sarcoma (entangled sperm ducts).
Discuss further with your doctor to find out which treatment is best for you.
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