Foundation, aka foundation, is a cosmetic product that acts like a base to prepare the face for the perfect makeup application. Foundation is intended to flatten skin tone and make the skin texture smoother by filling pores and covering any redness or discoloration of your skin.
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Finding the right makeup product can be a confusing experience because of the many brands and advantages of products offered on the market. This article will thoroughly discuss all types of foundation formulations so you can find the best for you.
Get to know various types of foundation makeup formulations
There are various types of foundation makeup available in various formulas, colors, coverage (the closing power provided by the product), and composition. Basically, all foundation products are in 3 main categories: liquid, cream, and powder. The other types are only variations of the 3 basic types.
Liquid foundation is the lightest and includes the easiest to apply to the face. These two factors make liquid formulations the most popular choice of foundation. Liquid foundation blends very well on the skin and while maintaining moisture in the skin. This type of foundation can be used directly with fingertips, using a makeup sponge, or a special brush foundation. Liquid foundation is available as a thick liquid packaged in a pump bottle, or spray tube.
Liquid foundation is available in various colors along with oil-based or water-based formulas that suit everyone's needs. Oil-based foundations are more suitable for those of you who have dry and wrinkled skin, while water-based ones are more suitable for those with oily, normal, or combination skin.
Other variants of liquid foundation include BB and CC cream, and tinted moisturizers. This type has the lightest coverage of all liquid foundations but displays the most natural makeup makeup.
The cream foundation is formulated mainly for normal and very dry skin because it contains oil and is thick and soft texture that can blend perfectly with both skin types so that the skin feels moist and supple. Cream foundation is usually available in small pots, solid sticks and tube bottles. The cream foundation is best applied to the face using a moist makeup sponge. Cream foundation can also be used as a concealer.
Thanks to its thick texture, this foundation offers a more comprehensive coverage so that it can cover all skin imperfections and provide extra moisture compared to the liquid version. However, the heavy texture can easily clog pores that can cause pimples and blackheads.
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Other variants of cream foundation include mousse foundation. Mousse Foundation is a light, dry, water-based foundation - consisting of a mixture of powder and moisturizer. Mousse foundation gives a matte (not glossy) look that is more natural for the skin. Mousse formulations suitable for all skin types.
Powder foundation aka powder foundation is available in the form of loose powder and solid powder. This type of foundation is very dry and almost without water at all. With a powder formula, you can achieve whatever look you want, from natural appearance to very dramatic appearance. Powder foundation is easier to use than other types, which is why this type is a more appropriate choice for those of you who are not used to using makeup or who are just starting to learn to make makeup.
Powder foundation is best suited for people with oily and normal skin, and those who have dry or mature skin should avoid this. Apply loose powder with a brush with natural bristles, the softer and thicker the fur the better the final result. Meanwhile, if you use a compact form of powder, the appearance of your makeup will be more perfect if the foundation is applied with a damp sponge.
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Another variant is mineral foundation. Mineral foundation is made of earth mineral stone through the process of pulverizing and grinding so that the texture is transformed into super fine powder. This type is a natural product and is safe for all skin types, but the medicinal properties of mineral foundation make it a perfect choice for those with sensitive skin.
Tips for applying foundation for a more perfect face makeup
1. Make up your face in the right room lighting
Makeup in a room with poor lighting is the biggest mistake most people make. Poor lighting includes but is not limited to fluorescent lights (strong white light in the bathroom) and dim yellow light (not enough light). Yellow lighting will make you look filthy, while neon lights make you look pale. The best light for applying your foundation is natural sunlight. Obviously this is not always possible, so if you don't have very good lighting in your room, try using a mirror with a warm white LED light.
2. Know the basic color of your skin
One of the biggest mistakes in choosing a foundation is choosing the wrong color. Foundation is usually available in three basic color choices:
- Cold , which is marked with letter C. It means that your skin has a pink, reddish, or bluish tinge; the tendons in the wrist are blue or purple.
- Neutral , which is marked with the letter N. The tinge of your skin is not in shades of red or yellowish, but right in the middle. The veins on your wrist are blue-green.
- Warm , which is marked with the letter W. The tinge of your skin tends to be yellowish, golden, peach with the color of the veins on the wrist green or yellowish green.
After you determine the basic nuances of your skin, you will be able to narrow the amount of foundation that suits your skin. If you are not sure what color you are, ask for a sample at the store. Test each sample by applying it to your chest or jaw, not to the arm or neck.
3. Also know your skin type
Look for a foundation formula that will perfect your skin type. To find out your skin type, try sticking pieces of tissue paper on several points of the face (forehead, chin, cheeks, nose) that have been cleaned and dried. The faster the tissue paper falls from the face, meaning that your skin tends to be normal or dry. Your skin includes a combination if tissue paper sticks to the chin.
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Knowing your skin type can be a helping hand which is very helpful when choosing the perfect foundation. For example, an oil-free formula that provides a matte finish is more suitable for acne and /or oily skin, while a moisturizing formula is suitable for dry skin. Those of you who have sensitive skin or allergies are better off using non-comedogenic or hypoallergenic formulas. Normal and combination skin can try several different formulas to see which is best for their skin.
4. Pat and bounce - don't rub it
When applying foundation, always apply with a circular motion, pat and bounce, do not rub. In addition, start from the center of the face to spread to the edge of the hairline. Wiping your foundation means that most of the rest of the product will stick and remain on your fingers, brush or sponge. Finally, end your face makeup with your chosen powder so that the product is not easily erased.