Symptoms of red, dry itchy skin that are typical of psoriasis usually occur on the outside of the elbow and knee, but also often occur on the scalp. Psoriasis rashes can also be accompanied by silvery scales that feel hot and can peel even to bleed. Psoriasis cannot be cured, but you can control the symptoms with various treatments. One of them is by using shampoo for psoriasis that specifically occurs on the scalp. But you also have to pay attention to the contents.
Tips for choosing shampoo for psoriasis based on its contents
Generally, there are three active ingredients commonly contained in shampoo for psoriasis, including:
1. Salicylic Acid
Shampoo for psoriasis that contains salicylic acid can help treat psoriasis on the scalp by reducing thickening of dead skin cells. Salicylic acid works to soften psoriasis plaques so that the dead skin is easily separated from the scalp.
This method of using salicylic acid shampoo is the same as using regular shampoo, but use it at least twice a week or follow your doctor's advice. Don't use too much shampoo for too long because it risks irritating the skin, causing nausea and other problems. Therefore, always consult with your doctor if you want to use salicylic acid shampoo to treat psoriasis.
Avoid this shampoo in your mouth, eyes, or nose. And don't use it if you have wet wounds on the scalp.
Some salicylic acid shampoos also contain sulfur, which can stop fungal growth. If you also have a fungal infection on your scalp, this type of shampoo might be right for you. You may need to use it once or twice a week after the infection disappears to keep your scalp healthy.
2. Coal tar
Coal tar or coal tar has been used to treat psoriasis for more than 100 years. This shampoo for psoriasis which contains coal tar contains compounds that help reduce the development of excessive skin cells.
Coal tar shampoo can also reduce the symptoms of psoriasis on the scalp, such as itching and pain thickening on the scalp. And make your scalp look good overall.
To use this type of shampoo, massage it onto your scalp, leave it for 5 to 10 minutes, then rinse.
Shampoo with coal tar can make your scalp more sensitive to sunlight. Therefore protect your head with a hat or stay in the shade if you are outside. Because tar can last on your skin for 24 hours or more.
If you have blonde or other light-colored hair, shampoo with coal tar can make your hair dark. Treatment with coal tar can also leave stains on your clothes or skin.
Some people might not like the aroma of coal tar shampoo. To overcome this, you can use regular shampoo and conditioner after washing your hair with coal tar shampoo, so that your hair is fragrant and stays shiny.
3. Steroid shampoo
Shampoo for psoriasis that contains steroids can only be obtained through a doctor's prescription. Shampoo with steroids is usually only used a few weeks for inflamed and reddish psoriasis. After that, your doctor may suggest you switch to coal tar shampoo.
Shampoo with steroids is used by pouring shampoo on the hair without being moistened first. Keep your hair dry when using it. Then let stand for 15 minutes, and wet your hair then rinse.
Be sure to keep it away from your face and ears, because the skin in that area is thinner. It is also important to wash your hands thoroughly after using this shampoo.
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