Every woman must experience menopause after reaching a certain age. That is, at this time a woman can no longer have children because her body has not released eggs and will not experience menstruation again every month. Sometimes, some women are very worried about this because menopause causes some changes to themselves.
What happens at menopause?
The number of eggs that a woman has has since birth, in limited numbers. These eggs are stored in the ovaries (ovaries), then will be released every month when women begin to reach puberty. In addition to storing eggs, the ovaries also produce estrogen and progesterone hormones. Both of these hormones function to control ovulation and menstruation every month.
As time goes on, of course the supply of female eggs will run out. When a woman's ovary has not released the egg every month and the woman's menstruation stops this is what is said to be menopause.
Women will usually experience menopause at the age of 40 years. Most women will experience menopause at the age of 50 years or more. However, a small percentage of women may also experience premature menopause, namely menopause that occurs before the age of 40 years. Usually early menopause occurs due to surgery (eg hysterectomy), ovarian damage, or chemotherapy.
Changes in the body in the three stages of menopause
There are three stages of menopause, namely those that occur before, during, and after menopause.
It occurs several years before menopause occurs, when the estrogen hormone production by the ovaries has begun to decrease. Usually at 1-2 years before menopause occurs, the hormone estrogen decreases drastically.
At this time, many women have experienced menopausal signs, such as:
Menstrual periods begin irregularly
Changes in a woman's menstrual pattern every month. Some women may experience menstruation every 2-3 weeks, and others may not menstruate every month.
Women's fertility decreases
Because during the perimenopause period the production of a woman's estrogen hormone decreases, her fertility will decrease and the chance for pregnancy also decreases. However, at this time you can still get pregnant.
Vagina feels dry
Some women may experience dyspareunia (pain during intercourse) because of vaginal dryness. This makes women feel uncomfortable during intercourse and can cause female sexual arousal to decline. In addition, vaginal atrophy also occurs, which is caused by thinning and shrinking tissue, and decreased mucus production. All this can happen because the production of the hormone estrogen decreases.
It occurs when a woman has not had another menstrual period for one year. Right now, the ovaries really don't release the egg and have stopped producing estrogen and progesterone hormones.
At this time, most women will experience:
Occurs when you suddenly feel heat in your upper body. Can occur on the face, neck, and chest, and can spread to the back and arms. Your skin in this section may also be reddened. You may also sweat and your heart rate may be faster or irregular.
You may experience difficulty sleeping at night and lots of sweating while sleeping, so that your night's sleep feels uncomfortable. This makes you feel tired during the day.
Because of the discomfort during sleep at night, maybe this will affect changes in your mood. In addition, mood swing can also be caused by stress, changes in the family, or fatigue. You might find it easy to get angry or cry.
This happens after one year of your menopause. At this time, menopausal signs, such as hot flushes, will gradually disappear. However, the health risks associated with the hormone estrogen will increase in women after menopause.
Some health risks caused by low estrogen levels in the body are:
Low estrogen levels in the body cause a decrease in bone mass, so the risk for experiencing porous bones is greater. Even worse, this can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Low levels of estrogen in the body can cause reduced levels of collagen, where collagen is the tissue that forms the skin. So, women who have menopause will usually have thinner, drier, and wrinkled skin. In addition, the lining of the vagina and urethra will also thin out and weaken, and this is what causes you to feel uncomfortable during intercourse. This will also increase your risk of vaginal infections and urinary tract infections.
Change of teeth and gums
Like collagen tissue, low estrogen levels in the body will also cause reduced connective tissue. This causes you to have a higher risk of losing teeth or experiencing gum disease.
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