"Thin people are healthier than fat people." You may hear the statement often, but it turns out that having a thin body cannot be fully considered healthy. Someone who has a thin body can also be exposed to various degenerative diseases, including diabetes. Even some studies suggest that thin people who suffer from diabetes will experience severe symptoms and prognosis.
How can thin people experience diabetes? Then is it true that thin people with diabetes will experience worse conditions?
Diabetes in thin people, the effect can be more dangerous
Diabetes is a disease that is the main cause of the deaths of 1.5 million people in the world in 2012. Even the World Health Organization estimates that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in the world by 2030. Most cases of diabetes dominated by cases of type 2 diabetes compared to type 1 diabetes. While almost most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. But that does not mean thin people avoid the risk of developing diabetes.
A study found that people who have thin bodies can still have diabetes, even in this research it is said that life expectancy is lower than that of obese people who have diabetes. The research involved 2625 people who had normal nutritional status with obesity.
At the end, the study found that there were about 12% of people with diabetes who had a normal body mass index, aka not overweight. However, the group of people with normal nutritional status and experiencing diabetes turned out to have a higher risk of death than other groups.
Why can thin people get diabetes?
One of the causes of diabetes is genetic factors. If someone has a family history that has had diabetes before, whether it's parents or grandparents, then he will be at higher risk of developing diabetes.
Usually people who have type 1 diabetes are caused by genetic factors. This type of diabetes knows no nutritional status and can attack thin or fat people. The cause of type 1 diabetes is the inability of the pancreas gland to produce enough insulin for the body. So, no one is able to change blood sugar into an energy source and arrange for the levels to remain normal.
Thin people can also have excessive body fat (especially in the stomach)
So far, many have assumed that all chronic diseases can only be experienced by people who have excessive weight or obesity. In fact, these chronic diseases can be experienced by anyone, including people who are thin or have a normal body mass index (BMI).
In some cases, body mass index can be used as a predictor of a person's health status. For example, people who have a body mass index that exceeds normal or obese are at higher risk of experiencing chronic diseases including diabetes. However, it turns out if examined further, people who are thin and have a normal body mass index, may have excessive body fat levels.
If you don't believe it, try standing in front of the mirror and see if your stomach folds even slightly? Or even you have a distended stomach? In addition, you can also hold several parts of the body that have body fat, namely the thighs and upper arms. Does the part feel 'soft' and not hard? If the answer is yes, then you may have a large amount of fat stores and a little muscle mass. Someone who has high body fat levels, of course, is at risk of experiencing all chronic diseases, even if he has a normal BMI.
Too much fat in the body will make the hormone insulin - which functions to regulate blood sugar levels - become resistant or not work properly. The hormone insulin will be difficult to convert blood sugar into a source of fuel which is usually stored in muscles. So, sugar levels are not controlled and thin people also have diabetes.
Even the fat that accumulates in the stomach not only causes diabetes, but also can cause coronary heart disease, impaired kidney function, and impaired liver function. Therefore, thin people who experience chronic diseases can be more at risk.
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