Spinal anesthesia

Spinal anesthesia

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Definition

What is spinal anesthesia?

Giving spinal anesthesia is done by injecting local anesthesia and other painkillers in the area near the patient's spinal cord called the subarachnoid space. This anesthesia makes the nerves numb so that the patient cannot feel pain in certain areas of his body. For its use, spinal anesthesia can be used separately when the patient is conscious, or together with anesthesia or general anesthesia. In addition, this anesthetic can also be used postoperatively and is proven to be effective in relieving pain in the patient's body. The anesthetist will perform the procedure for injecting anesthesia through a syringe.

When do I need to get spinal anesthesia?

In most cases, spinal anesthesia is suitable for operations involving areas below the waist. The benefits of spinal anesthesia depend on the health condition of each patient. The anesthesiologist is always available to assist patients in choosing the appropriate anesthesia.

Spinal anesthesia is often used for:

  • orthopedic surgery in joints or leg bones
  • treatment of groin hernias, varicose veins, hemorrhoid surgery (hemorrhoids)
  • vascular surgery: surgery on blood vessels in the legs)
  • gynecology: prolapse and certain types of hysterectomy
  • obstetrics: caesarean section
  • urology: prostate surgery, bladder surgery, genital surgery

Prevention & amp; warning

What should I know before getting spinal anesthesia?

As an alternative, spinal anesthesia can be used for surgery below the waist. Anesthesia will be injected in the back so that the waist area down will numb and surgery can be done. The use of spinal anesthesia is safe and comfortable for many people, depending on the medical condition and the type of surgery the patient is undergoing. Generally, the side effects of using spinal anesthesia are the appearance of headaches. >

Under the use of spinal anesthesia, patients can:

  • total awareness
  • half-conscious - uses drugs that make the patient relax and sleepy but stay conscious
  • unconscious (general anesthesia)

The anesthetist will be on standby to help patients choose the appropriate anesthesia

Process

What is the process of administering spinal anesthesia?

This anesthetic will be given by an anesthetist by injection. This procedure is not painful even though it can cause discomfort to the patient. The drug will usually last for one to three hours. With the right dose, the doctor will make sure the anesthesia lasts longer than the duration of the operation the patient will undergo.

What should I do after getting spinal anesthesia?

Your body usually takes about one to four hours to recover. Tell the nurse if there are complaints during this recovery process. When the effects of the drug gradually disappear, your skin may experience tingling. In addition, you may begin to feel pain in the former area of ​​surgery. Therefore, painkillers may be needed before the pain can be felt. You may feel unsteady when you first get out of bed. Ask the nurse to help you stand. After one hour after surgery, you are usually allowed to drink and also eat soft foods.

Complications

What complications can occur?

  • failed spinal anesthesia
  • low blood pressure
  • headache
  • itching
  • difficulty urinating
  • back pain
  • hearing ability is lost or changed
  • cardiovascular collapse
  • high block
  • infection around the spine
  • nerve damage
  • paralysis or death

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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