Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a life-saving technique that is usually done in an emergency. For example a heart attack or when drowning, where a person's breathing or heart rate stops completely. However, lately a number of surveys and research have shown that this technique is actually not effective for helping someone. Is that true? Check out the answer below.
What is the most effective CPR technique?
There are two things that need to be considered in the CPR procedure in general, namely chest compression (chest area suppression) to maintain blood circulation and oral breathing from artificial breath ( mouth-to-mouth breathing) to maintain oxygen supply into the victim's body.
Mouth-to-mouth CPR is ineffective if it is done by people without a medical background or has never attended CPR training before. Why so? This CPR technique must be carried out by people who have taken CPR training, not only as long as they give breath from mouth to mouth like in films.
Without proper knowledge and training about resuscitation techniques, CPR does not help. Don't get me wrong, giving artificial breath in CPR is not as easy as that seen in movies or television shows. CPR is not just giving someone else's mouth a breath. You also have to continue to monitor the condition of the victim, do chest compression, and know exactly how many seconds for each step.
In fact, a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2012 showed that of all victims who received artificial CPR breath, only 2% were finally able to be saved and recovered.
During this time, the act of giving mouth to mouth breath in CPR is indeed quite difficult. Not everyone can do it well and requires enough practice. Even trained health workers will find it difficult to do it if it is not routinely done.
Aside from requiring breath and lung strength from the helper, this action is also at risk for transmitting the disease, especially respiratory diseases, from the victim to the helper and vice versa.
Giving artificial breath from mouth to mouth is actually not necessary
So far, mouth-to-mouth breathing is an integral part of the CPR procedure. However, a recent study reported that the CPR procedure without mouth breathing turned out to be as effective as the standard CPR that is usually done.
According to two studies published by the New England Journal of Medicine, a CPR technique that is only done with chest compressions is enough to help the patient, without giving mouth to mouth breath. There is no significant difference regarding the level of safety of victims who are helped by chest compressions with those also given artificial breath.
Research actually shows that the CPR technique with chest compressions is more effective than CPR with chest compression and artificial breathing.
Research conducted in Washington, United States (US) shows that the level of safety of victims helped only by chest compression is 12.5%. Whereas those who were also helped with artificial breathing had a lower success rate of 11%.
The second study in Sweden proved that the level of safety of victims given CPR assistance only with chest compressions was 8.7%. Whereas the standard CPR is 7%.
So, what should be done in an emergency situation?
If you don't have a medical background and have never participated in CPR training, there is no need to give artificial breath when helping people who lose consciousness or stop breathing.
You just have to do CPR by means of chest compression. Check out the steps in this link or at bit.ly/CPR techniques and most importantly, immediately seek emergency medical help.
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