Constipation can happen to anyone, including children. Constipation usually occurs because children do not eat enough fiber or drink water. The most common signs of constipation are difficulty defecating and feeling hot because the stool hardens, and the stomach is sore and feels stiff because the stool is too long "settling" in the intestine. Although it seems trivial, constipation can interfere with children's daily activities. Therefore, it is important for every parent to know various ways to prevent constipation.
What is the cause of constipation children?
Before knowing more about how to prevent it, let's first look at a number of factors that can cause constipation.
1. Poor diet
The high fat content plus lack of fiber in the daily diet is a major factor in constipation in children. Dairy products, such as milk and cheese, can cause many constipation children. Lactose in milk can cause gas buildup so the risk of bloating increases.
Red meat can also make you constipated because of the high levels of saturated fat, making it longer to be processed by the digestive tract. Meat also has hard protein fibers that are difficult to digest the stomach.
2. Insufficient fluid intake
The lack of fluids your child consumes can also be a cause of constipation. Water is needed by the body in sufficient quantities so that the digestive function can function normally and dirt becomes softer so that it is easy to remove.
3. The pattern of defecation is less precise
Constipation in children can occur when your child is not accustomed to defecation when he wants to defecate. When the stool is too long in the large intestine, the consistency will become hard so the child is more reluctant to defecate.
4. Certain diseases
The causes of constipation in children who are rare but serious are certain underlying diseases. Constipation in newborns may be a sign of Hirschprung's disease, a nerve disorder in the large intestine so that stool cannot be pushed out. At a later age, also be aware of hypothyroid disease.
Prevent constipation in children
1. Apply a good diet
Provide a menu of foods that are rich in fiber, such as vegetables and fruits, as the main way to prevent constipation. Fiber-rich foods tend to be easier to digest and better for maintaining intestinal health because it facilitates bowel movements. Choose soluble, hard fiber derived from wheat and dark green vegetables, because the quality is more dense, making it easier for the intestines to move the intestines.
Constipation is often accompanied by unbalanced intestinal bacteria. In fact, intestinal bacteria are needed for the production of fatty acids and lactic acid to facilitate the intestines to move food that has been digested. Therefore, consume foods that contain probiotics such as tempeh and yogurt.
2. Drink more water
In addition to good types of food, also complete the needs of children with sufficient water consumption. Therefore, to overcome this, invite children to drink more water. On average, a child needs a minimum of fluid intake 10-15 percent of his body weight. That is, if the child's weight is 10 kilograms, make sure he gets fluid intake of at least 1-1.5 liters per day.
This water intake does not only have to be obtained from water, but it can also be from vegetables or fruits that contain lots of water. Consumption of carbonated water or soda water is also effective in preventing dehydration, but avoid soft drinks because it can worsen constipation in children.
3. Toilet training
If your child can be invited to communicate, teach toilet training as early as possible. Ask your child to tell if he wants to defecate so that he can immediately be taken to the toilet. Usually the sensation of wanting to defecate will come after the child has a big meal, for example after breakfast, lunch or dinner. When the child is inside the toilet, create a relaxed and comfortable atmosphere that supports his desire for bowel movements.
4. Check with your doctor regularly
If the child is constipated with other symptoms, it's a good idea to consult a doctor immediately so that you can examine the possibility of certain diseases so that further treatment plans can be made. You also need to monitor the development and growth of your child at all times in order to detect problems early on.
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