Worms are a disease that many children still suffer from. Do you still remember the outbreaks of malnutrition in Asmat, Papua that have recently occurred? Well, one of the reasons is the worms that many Asmat children suffer from. This indirectly explains that intestinal worms affect the nutrition and growth and development of children. Unfortunately, worms in children are still considered trivial by most people.
Impact of intestinal worms on the health and growth of children
Because the effects of intestinal worms are usually not seen directly, intestinal worms are often considered trivial. Even though in the long run, intestinal worms can cause anemia in children, even malnutrition.
Worms that enter the child's body will nest in the intestine. Worms that live in this intestine will then multiply, so that the number will continue to grow. Unfortunately, the presence of worms in a child's intestine does not cause symptoms or infections to occur directly, so you as a parent may not know if the child is secretly intestinal worms.
Over time, intestinal worms can produce symptoms such as enlarged stomach, loss of appetite for children, weight loss, vomiting, insomnia, and irregular breathing.
Reporting from the Indonesian Ministry of Health page, one worm in the child's intestine can suck blood and nutrients, such as carbohydrates and proteins. Roundworms can suck carbohydrates as much as 0.14 grams and protein as much as 0.035 grams. Whip worms can suck blood as much as 0.005 ml, while hookworms can suck up as much as 0.2 ml of blood.
At first glance this number looks small. However, if there are many worms in a child's intestine for a long time, of course, this amount will increase and harm the child. Children can lack blood and lack nutrition due to intestinal worms. Malnutrition in childhood can certainly hinder a child's growth and development. The child may look thinner and shorter than other children his age due to malnutrition for a long time.
How do you prevent worms in children?
Children can get worms because of a dirty environment and poor sanitation. Worms can enter the child's nails and when the child puts his finger in the mouth, the worms can enter the child's body and multiply in the intestine.
Worms in the form of worm eggs can also enter the child's body after playing in a dirty place or after eating food infected with worms. Worms and eggs can last up to two weeks without food.
Here are some things you can do to prevent child worms:
- Get children to wash their hands after playing, after from the bathroom, as well as before and after eating
- Cut the child's nails regularly
- Don't let the child suck on his thumb or finger
- Give the child worm medicine every six months regularly
- Clean the child's toilet and bedroom regularly
- Is it true that dinner can make baby worms?
- 4 Causes of intestinal worms in children that are often not recognized
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