In some cases post-healing broken bones, muscles in the body parts can be reduced after a long period used for the move. What causes the muscles shrink after fracture, and is there a way to handle it?
What causes the muscles shrink after fracture?
Muscles shrink (atrophy) occurs when the muscle is not used for a period long enough during fracture healing, so long muscle tissue weakens and shrinks.
In addition, shrinkage of muscle mass can be caused by an illness, injury, or after major surgery recovery requires you total bed rest for some time.
What are the signs and symptoms seen when the muscles shrink?
Signs and symptoms of muscle decreases, namely:
- One or both arms or legs ex-fracture locations are smaller than others.
- Having a weakness that feels only in one limb
- It does not move physically active in a long time
If you experience symptoms such as described above, you should immediately contact your doctor to get a medical checkup.
How do you detect a muscle shrinking?
The shrinking muscle can only be detected by the doctor through a physical examination. So, tell all the complaints you feel with detail - including wounds or injuries that have occurred, both in the near and long-time; medical conditions that have been diagnosed before; up to the list of drugs, recipes, and supplements you consume.
If possible, the doctor will do a test to facilitate the diagnosis of the disease. Tests can include:
- Blood test
- X-ray photos
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography (CT Scan)
- Muscle or nerve biopsy
What is the right handling?
In general, the muscle condition shrinks only temporarily. This condition can return to normal, when you are able to do physical activity to restore normal muscle function.
But usually, the doctor will advise you to start physical activities from simple things, such as walking leisurely, or lifting and carrying light weights.
Treatment for muscle to shrink depending on the diagnosis and severity. However, there are some common treatment suggested for overcoming the muscles shrink, namely:
- Routine physical activity and exercise - recommended to exercise in the water in order to facilitate the movement of limbs
- Do physical therapy - physical therapy is usually done with the help of a therapist. He will help you move the body parts if you experience problems while moving
- Perform ultrasound therapy - one of the therapies that uses sound waves to help the healing process
- Surgery - this treatment is possible if the condition of your tendons, ligaments, skin or muscles is too tight, making it difficult for you to move. Usually, this condition is called contracture deformity.
If left untreated, a shrinking muscle may permanently lose skeletal muscle fiber so the doctor must replace muscle tissue and do further treatment.
Then, is there a way to prevent the muscles from shrinking?
This condition can actually be prevented by routinely exercising or actively using muscle movement to support daily activities. Because the lack of use of muscle can cause muscle damage because the muscles do not have the ability to develop so that eventually the strength and size of the muscles begin to decrease slowly.
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