It is important for you to know how to have safe sex. Many people still don't realize that there are many venereal diseases and dangerous infections that are spread through sex. The average sex is safe to prevent pregnancy, even though there are many serious sexual diseases out there that threaten you. Safe sex includes not only vaginal intercourse, but also oral sex, and anal sex.
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What do you need to know to have safe sex?
Condoms are indeed used as a prevention against sexually transmitted diseases through semen, vaginal fluids, and blood. It should be underlined that condoms are not 100% effective in prevention, but this is better than not using safety at all. Here are things you need to know about condoms:
- A strong and smooth male condom, a sheath of rubber latex made in various sizes and styles. For those of you who are allergic to latex, choose a condom made of polyurethane.
- Female condoms are almost the same as male condoms, and are made of polyurethane. This condom is designed to fit the vagina, and usually consists of only one size.
- In addition to condoms, you can still play safe when having anal or oral sex, namely by wearing gloves made of latex, and dental dam (rectangular shaped latex used when doing oral sex).
- You may be able to use the diaphragm during sex to prevent pregnancy, but this cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
- Condoms should be used from the beginning of sex until the end.
- Always use a new condom when having sex, not a used one. Make sure you also have enough lubrication so that the condom does not tear.
READ ALSO: Could It Be Pregnant Even With a Condom?
How do you have safe sex?
Here are some ways to pass safe sex including vaginal, oral and anal sex:
1. Vaginal sex
- Use lubricants or lubricants made from water-based ingredients, because the basic ingredients of oil can damage condoms.
- You also need to use a condom when you warm up (foreplay).
- Use latex gloves when you put your finger in the vagina.
- When you use sex toys, wash every time you have sex, and use a condom when used for anal and vaginal sex.
2. Oral sex
(including oral-vagina; oral-penis; oral-anal)
- Use a condom on the penis, or use a dental dam in the anal or vaginal area, before passing oral sex
- If you have sex with a person with Hepatitis A, make sure you get the vaccine first, because this infection can be through oral, and anal sex
READ ALSO: Should You Use Condoms During Oral Sex?
3. Anal sex
- Just like vaginal sex, use water-based lubrication on condoms
- Use condoms when doing foreplay
- Don't use condoms containing spermicide Nonoxynol-9, because it can irritate anal tissue
- Use latex gloves when inserting or playing fingers on anal
READ ALSO: What are the risks that anal sex can cause?
Various misleading myths about having safe sex
There are some myths that might make you reluctant to have safe sex. Some people assume that safe sex involves a lot of planning, and this can make sex feel stiff and unpleasant, even though it's just a myth that forms in our minds.
The following are things and incorrect assumptions about safe sex:
- You can tell someone has venereal disease from their appearance
- Safe sex only has to be a person with a sexually transmitted disease
- Safe sex is only done for drug users
- Taking birth control pills means that you have safe sex
- Buying a condom is a shame.
What are some tips for having safe sex?
Here are some additional ways you can think of;
- It's best to have sex with just one partner
- You need to take a sexually transmitted disease test, so you can get treatment immediately if you have sexually transmitted diseases
- Communicate with your partner what you want, and enjoy
- Avoid alcoholic beverages and drugs when having sex, because it can trigger risky action
- If you want to prevent pregnancy, also use contraception
What activities have a high level of insecurity?
Here is an example of unsafe sex activity:
- Prefer to pull out the penis before ejaculation, rather than using a condom
- Use used condoms
- Use condoms in the wrong way
- There is contact with body fluids, such as menstrual blood, semen, infected vaginal fluids
READ ALSO: Why "External Ejaculation" Can Still Cause Pregnancy