Gifted by children is the hope of many married couples. That is why infertility or infertility is like a nightmare that is very feared by couples who crave children. Both men and women are likely to be infertile. So, it is important for couples who have been trying for a long time to immediately see a doctor to find out who is infertile. Thus, the care and treatment that will be given to improve fertility will be more targeted and effective. You can also try to check for yourself who is roughly infertile. By noticing the symptoms and signs, you and your partner can find out who is infertile.
Before checking the symptoms and signs of infertility in husband and wife, you need to understand that infertility and infertility are two different things. Infertility occurs after a husband and wife seek a pregnancy with regular sex without contraception for six months to one year but no results. Meanwhile, infertility is the inability to get pregnant or impregnate. So, infertile couples still have the opportunity to get pregnant and give birth to biological children.
Signs of infertility in women
In women, the most obvious symptom of infertility, of course, does not have children after a routine effort. Other signs can you refer to the following, but keep in mind that the symptoms that appear can be different for each person depending on the cause of infertility.
1. Irregular menstrual cycle
Calculate and note your menstrual cycle carefully because irregular cycles can indicate that you are infertile. You need to be aware that your menstrual cycle is too long (more than 35 days) or too fast (less than 21 days) and if there are several months left without menstruation.
2. Unnatural menstruation
In addition to irregular cycles, you can also see the nature of your period. If your period is much heavier or less than usual, you are likely to be infertile. Also pay attention to whether during menstruation you feel excessive pain in the back, part of the coccyx, and pelvis, and stomach.
3. Exit fluid like milk from the breast when not breastfeeding
If you are not breastfeeding but from the breast comes a thick liquid similar to mother's milk (ASI) that is white, chances are you have a problem with hormonal abnormalities that can cause you to be infertile.
4. Pain when having sex
Don't underestimate the pain you feel when having sex. This can indicate many things that have an impact on your fertility. You may suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, or polycystic ovary syndrome. These diseases have the potential to cause you to be infertile. There are various factors that cause this disease, such as sexually transmitted diseases or the growth of non-cancerous cells that block fertilization in the uterus.
5. Age above 35 years
Even though you are in the age of 35 years and above, you still have a chance to get pregnant, the chances are that they will get smaller. This is caused by the egg cells that begin to be difficult to fertilize after you turn 35 years old.
Signs of infertility in men
Not only women, men can also be a reason why couples have not been given children. Usually signs of infertility in men will not be easily recognized until when you seek pregnancy. However, you still need to be aware of the following signs.
1. Sexual function problems
Note if you experience problems with sexual functions such as loss of sexual arousal, erectile and ejaculatory difficulties, and a small amount of sperm. These problems can be your signs of infertility.
2. Pain, lumps, or swelling in the testicular area
One of the symptoms of infertility that you can recognize with relative ease is if the testicular area is painful, there is a lump, or is swollen. It could be that you experience a disturbance in the testis which will certainly affect the quality of your sperm.
3. Weight problems
A body that is too fat or thin can be a problem for your fertility. This means that the nutrients in your body are not balanced so the quality of the sperm you produce is not the best. Men who are too thin can have low sperm counts and low sperm concentration (dilute), whereas men who are overweight can have a small sperm count and low testosterone levels.
4. Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases can be one of the causes of health, motility, and less ideal sperm counts. If you have ever had a history of sexually transmitted diseases, get treatment immediately because this disease can still be cured.
5. Age above 35 years
The number of sperm in men will decrease when you reach the age of 35 years. This means the opportunity for fertilization will also decrease. However, you can still work on a pregnancy.
Options available for couples if it is indeed infertile
Once you understand the symptoms, compare and see who among you and your partner shows more signs. After that you can make sure to go directly to the doctor by doing a series of examinations and receiving a diagnosis.
There are several choices available for infertile couples to have children. You or an infertile partner can undergo fertility therapy. Data obtained by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine show that some 85 to 95% of cases of infertile couples are successfully cured by fertility therapy through treatment or surgery. However, if this treatment has not been successful, you and your partner can try various assisted reproductive technologies such as injection of sperm or IVF.
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