One of the biggest challenges in raising children with autism is communicating effectively. Often times a child with autism is thought to be on a rampage (tantrum), even though he is experiencing a meltdown. Unfortunately, they cannot express their emotions and thoughts clearly to parents. As a result, you and your child even become noisy because they don't understand. Then, how do you teach children with autism to be able to control themselves during a meltdown? Here are the tips.
Know meltdown in children with autism
Meltdown is different from tantrum, which is a tantrum or explosion of anger in children in general. In the case of a meltdown, children with autism do not seek anyone's attention. They tend to not care about the people around them. In addition, meltdowns occur because children with autism feel helpless. Whereas tantrum occurs because the child feels he has the strength and the way that his wishes are granted.
In children with autism, a meltdown can occur due to various things. For example, because it can't stand the blinding light, noise, plan changes, or foreign food taste in the mouth. This made him nervous. This anxiety is expressed for example by crying, screaming, scratching the skin, hitting, kicking, or biting nails.
Tips to teach autistic children to control themselves
Meltdown in children with autism can basically be prevented and controlled. Following are the tips.
1. Set a certain time limit
So that the child feels full of control, it is best to explain how much time will be spent on certain activities. Children may become anxious when parents spend more time shopping. Calm the child by telling them, "We will go to the cashier in fifteen minutes." This is more effective than repeatedly telling children to be patient and wait longer.
2. Give clear directions
The child will start meltdown when he feels confused or shocked. So, try to always give clear direction. For example, "Now you will take a shower. Only after that we leave. "Don't just say," Hurry up, don't just hang around, "because the child becomes confused about what to do.
3. Flattering the good behavior of children
It doesn't mean that parents have to praise their children all out. Just let them know that good behavior should be maintained. That way, over time a child with autism will read the pattern that good behavior is what is expected of him.
4. Use positive sentence forms
When meltdown, avoid negative sentences like, "Don't cry," or "You can't shout." Because the child with autism who has difficulty concentrating may only focus on command words such as "crying" and "screaming" shouted ", not the prohibition. So you should use positive sentences. For example, "Let's calm down first," or, "Speak slowly, yes."
5. Teach children to express their emotions
Abstract concepts like emotions are difficult to understand, especially when a child is meltdown. Use visual assistance such as facial expressions from pictures or favorite cartoon characters to express their emotions. Ask the child if the emotion is being felt. By learning to recognize their own emotions, children can express their feelings without having to scream or cry.
- Why are people with autism usually genius?
- Guidelines for Raising Children with Autism
- Get to know Asperger's Syndrome and the Difference With Autism
- Intensive Behavioral Intervention (IBI) in Schools for Autistic Children