Dealing with a sick child is not a pleasant experience for every parent, and the parent's instincts encourage you to immediately ease the pain. Medication provides valuable help, but the key to healing is your ability to determine the right dose of pediatric medicine.
In an effort to ensure children get the right dose of medicine, the Food and Drug Association (FDA), reported by WebMD, has issued the latest guidelines for companies that produce, distribute, and sell drugs - non-prescription medicines that are packed with dropper, syringe, medicine spoon, and medicine cup.
The FDA says the release of non-prescription drug dosage guidelines for children is based on concerns about the potential for accidental overdoses as a result of measuring cups, spoons, or other devices that are not in accordance with the instructions on drug labels. >
Guidelines for measuring the dose of nonprescription drugs for children
The FDA guideline recommends that every time you measure the dose of a non-prescription drug for a child, parents must always:
- Carefully read the label of the drug facts (dosage, composition, active ingredients, side effects, methods of use) that are listed on the drug label
- Identify any active ingredient in general pediatric medicine
- Provides accurate in-dosage for children. Certain drugs for adults should not be used for children (eg aspirin)
- Consult a doctor, nurse, or pharmacist to find out which drugs can be combined with other drugs, and which ones do not
- Know the difference between teaspoons and tablespoons
- Use a dose measuring device that is packaged together with a drug, such as a dropper or a dose cup
- Know the weight of a sick child. Pediatric doses are generally determined according to the child's age or weight. The dosage calculated according to body weight is much more accurate, especially if your child is smaller or bigger than other children of the same age (the drug will basically be diluted into body fluid volume; hence the dose per body weight of each child will be different ) Therefore, make sure you know your child's weight so that you can provide information for your doctor or pharmacist if needed. If you use a non-prescription drug for your child and the dosage on the label only uses age guidelines, talk to your pharmacist for additional information
- Using drugs that are packaged with special covers that are difficult for children to tamper with
- Keep all drug supplies out of reach of children, and store them in their original packaging
- Check the medicine three times before giving it to the child
This guideline illustrates how dosing doses using a special dosage device can minimize the risk of accidental overdose when using a liquid version of non-prescription drugs, such as cold medicine, runny nose, cough, digestive problems, and pain.
Avoid giving the wrong drug
To avoid giving prescription drugs for children, some of these elements must be considered:
- Dosage of drugs prescribed in milligrams (mg). If you are given a drug in liquid form, the pharmacist will convert this dose to milliliters (ml) according to the concentration of the drug. Follow your pharmacist's instructions accurately in order to give your child the right dose. Mistake treatment more often with drugs in liquid form
- Beat the liquid medicine formulation well before giving it to the child, especially oral suspension because the drug particles often settle at the bottom of the bottle. This is to ensure you measure a stable dose in each use.
- Follow the dosage. Even if the child seems very sick, do not change the dose or frequency of administration of the drug. If you are worried about your child's health condition, consult a doctor. Do not tamper with doses only on instincts
- If there is a missed dose, do not double the dose next time. Ask the pharmacist for what you have to do
- If your child vomits shortly after taking medication, talk to your pharmacist before giving the next dose. All drugs are not absorbed at the same level by the child, the pharmacist will consider this before giving you personal instructions
- Never compare drugs as sweets when persuading your child to take the dose. He will tend to consume it without your knowledge.
- Tell your pharmacist if your child has difficulty swallowing tablet medicine. The same drug in liquid formulations may be available. Talk to your pharmacist before cutting or destroying the tablet. The coating on tablets may be needed for the effectiveness of the drug. In addition, some coatings help cover unpleasant feelings from the drug
- 5 Things Parents Need to Know About Stomach Pain In Children
- Is it true that the environment is too clean to make children easy to get sick?
- Types of compulsory immunizations for children