Do you see the little one's skin appear red in some parts? If this reddish skin is characterized by your baby's skin that becomes dry, cracked, and accompanied by itching, your child may be experiencing eczema. This skin disease can make your child feel uncomfortable and fussy. So, is eczema in children dangerous? Will later the skin affected by eczema will leave marks until the little adult? You will know after reading this article.
Atopic eczema, eczema that often occurs in children
Eczema is common and often occurs in children is atopic eczema, but does not rule out the possibility of adults also can experience this skin disease. Atopic eczema is the most common form of eczema.
Eczema itself is an inflammatory condition in the skin that is characterized by the presence of dry and reddish skin, while the atopic word refers to children who tend to have certain allergies. Little ones with atopic eczema are at risk for other atopic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever.
Dry and very itchy skin can be an early symptom of eczema in this child. The skin will experience irritation and redness when your child starts scratching the itchy part of the skin. If it is scratched too often, the skin from the itchy area thickens and can blister and expel fluid.
Sometimes the area that has inflammation can get an infection. All symptoms such as dry skin, hives, and inflammation will appear and disappear. As long as this happens, the skin layer will thicken so that the skin feels rough.
The severity of eczema in these children varies greatly. For children who have mild atopic eczema, only a small portion of dry skin sometimes feels itchy. In more severe cases, eczema in this child can cause a red rash that spreads throughout the body and persists itching.
So, is eczema in children dangerous?
Atopic eczema is a type of long-term (chronic) disease and symptoms can improve and then return to severe. It usually occurs two or three times in one month.
Atopic eczema generally occurs in children, but it is possible to attack adults. Atopic eczema usually affects children who have a family history of eczema, asthma, hay fever and damage to the protective skin that causes fluid to come out and bacteria can enter the skin.
Eczema in this child can appear on any part of the body, especially in the part of the skin that has folds. If it is not treated immediately, atopic eczema in the child can turn into a complication, what are the complications of eczema in the child that must be watched out?
- Skin infections. When the skin is injured from scratching due to itching, the risk of skin infections from bacteria and viruses will increase.
- Asma and hay fever. Atopic eczema usually appears before these two conditions.
- Contact dermatitis. This condition often occurs in people with atopic eczema. Many elements or compounds can make the skin experience an allergic reaction.
- Disorders of the eye. Eye complications will occur if the eczema attacks the eyelids.
- Sleep disturbance. Someone who has atopic eczema, especially children, tends to have difficulty sleeping. The cycle of itching can wake you up repeatedly and consequently reduce the quality of your sleep.
- Behavioral problems. Children with atopic eczema are more susceptible to problems with behavior such as ADHD (attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder) especially if frequent sleep deprivation.
Then, how do you treat atopic eczema?
To diagnose eczema in a child this can be done by a doctor by checking the skin condition and also discussing your medical history. No special medical tests are needed to diagnose this condition.
Skin tests (patch tests) may be done to determine the factors that might trigger the appearance of this condition or that exacerbate existing symptoms. If it is known that there is one trigger factor for the appearance of atopic eczema, then you need to try to get rid of or avoid the trigger from the food menu or from the environment around you.
Treatment for eczema is only to relieve symptoms. Until now, there is no cure for this condition completely. If you can recognize this condition from the start, handling can be done as soon as possible.
The main treatment used to treat the symptoms of atopic eczema is steroid topical and moisturizing drugs. Steroid topical drugs are used when a rash and also swelling occur when this condition recurs. While moisturizer is a type of treatment that can be done daily to treat dry skin symptoms.
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