In fact, there are many body changes that occur during pregnancy. Yes, from morning sickness, back pain, to feeling tired. In fact, not infrequently also pregnant women who experience sinusitis. Although not too severe, sinusitis symptoms in pregnant women can be very disturbing. Don't worry, here's how to treat sinusitis in pregnant women that can be done at home.
Sinusitis symptoms to watch out for pregnant women
Sinusitis in pregnant women can occur in any trimester, first, second or third. Actually, sinusitis is an infection that occurs in a layer of air-filled sac located around the face and nose (sinuses). This sinus inflammation will cause several symptoms in pregnant women, namely:
- Nasal congestion
- There is pressure and pain around the face
- Sore throat
Acute sinus infections can last for four weeks, while chronic infections can last more than 12 weeks. Sinusitis during pregnancy can be triggered by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections. In some cases, a sinus infection is a complication of the common cold. Pregnant women also have a high risk of sinus infections if they have allergies.
Various ways to treat sinusitis in pregnant women
1. Using drugs
Medicines used to treat sinus infections in pregnant women, namely antibiotics. But be careful, not all antibiotics are safe for pregnant women. Therefore, the use of antibiotics in pregnant women should be guided by a doctor. Usually the doctor will prescribe cefprozil (Cefzil) and amoxicilin-clavulanate.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or often known as paracetamol is also considered safe to use during pregnancy to relieve pain or headaches. In addition, short-term use of decongestants, antihistamines, expectorants, and cough suppressants is generally considered safe during pregnancy, of course with the appropriate dose.
But you should avoid aspirin and ibuprofen during pregnancy. Both of these drugs are thought to cause pregnancy complications, such as reducing amniotic fluid and miscarriage.
Before choosing which drugs you can take, you should consult your doctor's condition first.
2. Using natural methods
The natural way to do this is not as a substitute for medicine, but as a support to help relieve symptoms of sinusitis.
To relieve sinusitis symptoms in pregnant women can be done in a simple way:
Take lots of fluids
Drinking lots of water can relieve a sore throat that is experienced when sinusitis recurs. The fluid also launches mucus and clears a blocked nose. For sinusitis symptoms to subside, you can drink warm water, warm orange water, or drink broth soup.
Using an air humidifier
So that the symptoms don't get worse, you can rely on an air humidifier. This tool can prevent your nose from being blocked and not full of mucus.
Adjust position when lying down
Lifting your head with a few pillows while lying down to make breathing easier. Also use an inhaler to help open the nasal passages.
Use cold or hot compresses
If you experience facial pain or sinusitis, reduce the pain by compressing hot or cold forehead. Or you can also do a gentle massage on your forehead and take a warm bath.
Gargle with warm salt water to relieve a sore throat or relieve your throat. Honey and lemon can also soothe sore throats.
Apply a healthy lifestyle
Adequate rest and healthy eating can help the body stay fit and increase the body's immune system to fight disease.
When to go to the doctor?
Sinus infection can actually heal itself with home care. But there are times when sinusitis cases in pregnant women must be immediately taken to the doctor. Reported on the page of American Pregnancy, if some of this happens, you should immediately return to the doctor to get the right treatment.
- If your cough is accompanied by green or yellow phlegm
- If your body temperature is more than 38.3 degrees Celsius
- If you can't eat or sleep
If your infection does not improve, the doctor will prescribe a special medication. The doctor will provide the best medicine that is safe for you and your baby. Untreated sinus infection conditions can increase the risk of complications such as meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain).
Infections that are not treated thoroughly can also spread to other parts of the body, such as bones, eyes and skin. It can also affect the sense of smell that is decreasing.
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