IVF program, aka in vitro fertilization (IVF), can be an alternative choice for those who want to have children. This procedure is indeed not the main recommendation for dealing with fertility problems, but can be the best choice when other fertility methods don't work. Unfortunately, some women refuse to undergo this program for fear of experiencing pain. Is the tube baby process really painful? Here's the explanation.
Get to know what the IVF procedure looks like
When the egg cell is not fertilized by sperm cells in the body, it doesn't hurt to try IVF. The reason, this procedure is done by combining eggs and sperm cells outside the body, in the hope that the fertilization process can succeed and realize the hopes of couples who want to have children.
The process of IVF works by helping the ovary to produce eggs that are healthy and ready to be fertilized. These eggs will then be taken and placed in a test tube for fertilization. After the egg is successfully fertilized and forms an embryo, the embryo will be transferred to the incubator for several days before being transferred back to the uterus. If the pregnancy fails, this process will continue to be repeated until the pregnancy is successful.
Whether or not the process of IVF depends on each patient
Basically, IVF involves a little discomfort or pain. But the nature is more subjective, depending on the physical condition of the patient. Then, what processes might cause pain when undergoing IVF? Let's peel from each step one by one.
The first part of the IVF process begins with injecting fertility hormones on the female patient's body. This injection serves to stimulate the ovaries to produce healthy eggs.
Most women who initiate this process only feel a little pain, some even report no pain at all. Because, the needle used tends to be thin and small, compared to diabetics who have to inject insulin with similar needles as much as 3 to 4 times a day.
Development of eggs in the uterus
In this phase, the egg begins to develop and the ovary begins to enlarge. This condition causes pain in the lower abdomen and bloating. Doctors will usually give certain drugs to limit the number of eggs that grow, thereby reducing pain.
By providing good stimulation, women don't even experience pain. The patient will only feel a little discomfort and can undergo normal activities as usual. This discomfort is only felt in a few moments, at least one week.
Patients have been told in advance that this process is done by piercing the ovary through the vagina using a thin, long needle. This phase may seem daunting for women who want to undergo IVF.
In fact, this stage does not cause pain because the patient will be given anesthesia or drugs. Some women experience cramps or a little vaginal bleeding at this stage. But not to worry, the doctor will be guided by a transvaginal ultrasound monitor when taking the egg so it is safe. In addition, the doctor always ensures that the patient will remain comfortable and pain free during this procedure.
Transfer of the fertilized egg (embryo) into the womb
After three to five days after embryo formation, the embryo will be moved back into the womb. The good news, this procedure does not cause pain. It's just that the patient will feel uncomfortable when inserting the vaginal speculum like during a pap smear.
After that, the patient will be given the hormone progesterone to help prepare the uterine wall when receiving the embryo. This hormone can be given by injection, pill or gel. Progesterone injections usually cause pain because the fluid used is oil based, so the needle is bigger. If you can't stand the pain, you can ask for a pill or gel in the form of progesterone.
So in short, the pain in IVF is very subjective, depending on the ability of each patient. Some women may feel very sick, while others tend to be more calm. If you are familiar with syringes, the process of IVF may not make you anxious. Whereas if you are afraid of being injected, this procedure might be a little stressful for you.
Therefore, consult your doctor before you decide to undergo IVF. This process is safe and you will be guided by a specialist and nurse, so even if you feel a little sick, you don't need to worry.
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