Doctors don't only consist of one skill. There are general practitioners and specialist doctors. This expert doctor or specialist will examine, diagnose, and treat health problems based on the competencies they have. What doctors should you know about?
What are the types of specialists in Indonesia?
1. Internal medicine specialist
A cardiologist is a doctor who treats heart and blood vessel problems. Cardiologists can also be distinguished into expert doctors who focus on diagnosing and treating heart disease or doctors who deal with abnormal heart rate problems and some other types of heart focus.
Unlike cardiologists, cardiac surgeons focus more on the treatment of heart disease, chest, or both. Cardiac surgeons can operate the heart, chest area, and in some cases are lung problems.
While the doctor who handles lung problems is also called pulmonologist. As the name implies, this specialist treats lung cancer, pneumonia, and other diseases that attack the organ.
Endocrinologists are doctors who study endocrine glands in humans, especially regarding the hormones produced and their effects. Examples of diseases handled by endocrinologists are diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, cushing syndrome, and so on.
2. ENT doctor
ENT is an extension of the ear, nose and throat. ENT doctors are also responsible for these three things.
Usually, when you experience a disturbance in the nose it will affect the function of the ear, as well as when the throat or ears experience certain problems. If this happens, you should immediately consult an ENT doctor.
3. Dental and oral health doctor
A dentist and mouth doctor are doctors who focus on oral health problems. The dentist's care area not only includes teeth and gums, they also deal with muscle problems of the head, neck and jaw, tongue, salivary glands, head and neck nervous system and other areas.
During a thorough examination, the dentist will usually examine the teeth and gums, looking for lumps, swelling, discoloration and any abnormalities. If appropriate, they perform procedures such as biopsy, diagnostic tests (which are carried out to make a diagnosis), and screening tests (which are done at the beginning to detect a particular problem) if symptoms of cancer are found in the mouth.
4. Obstetrician or gynecologist
All kinds of female reproductive problems can be consulted by a gynecologist. Because, gynecology will deal with problems surrounding the function of body tools and special diseases in women. Gynecologists are doctors who will examine pregnancy, uterine conditions, or just a routine examination of the health of intimate organs.
5. Bone specialist
Orthopedics is a doctor who has expertise in bone problems. Doctors will focus on diagnosis, correction, prevention, and bone care. Also not spared, the doctor will diagnose a disorder of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and skin.
Orthopedists now treat patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfoot, to young athletes who need arthroscopic surgery.
Pediatrics or pediatricians are doctors who treat and diagnose children or babies. Babies and children are in fact different from adults. Congenital defects, genetic problems, and other child development problems will be examined through a pediatrician.
Psychiatrists are specialists who deal with psychiatric problems. Generally, psychiatrists will do diagnosis, therapy, and counseling. Symptoms of psychiatric disorders that require psychiatrists include panic attacks, frightening hallucinations, suicidal thoughts, or you like hearing hallucinations that other people don't hear.
Neurologist is also called neurologist. This doctor will focus on examining and dealing with the human nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. A neurologist will examine the nerve parts that are important to the human body. Such as:
- spinal cord
9. Dermatologist and sex doctor
Skin and genital doctors, are doctors who will treat the health of your skin and genitals. Diseases that can be handled by skin and sex specialists are skin, mouth, hair, nails, sweat glands, oil glands, and of course problems related to your genitals.
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