Low blood pressure (hypotension) can be as dangerous as hypertension if left untreated. Although generally low blood pressure can be managed by improving diet and physical activity, some people still need to take medication to normalize their blood pressure. So, what are the low blood drug choices that doctors usually prescribe?
Various kinds of low blood drugs that can normalize blood pressure
Vasopressin drugs are drugs to narrow blood vessels to cause an increase in blood pressure. This drug is usually used for cases of critical hypotension.
Vasopressin can be combined with vasolidators (nitroprusside, nitroglycerin) to maintain blood pressure while increasing the work of the heart muscle. Nitroprusside is used to reduce the burden before and after and improve the work of the heart. Nitroglycerin directly relaxes the vein and reduces the previous burden.
Catecholamine is included in the drugs adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine. These drugs work to affect the sympathetic and central nervous system. Catecholamines also function to make the heart beat faster and stronger and constrict blood vessels, resulting in an increase in blood pressure.
Other low blood drugs
Certain low blood drugs are targeted specifically to treat heart conditions, blood vessel problems, or blood circulation problems that can cause a decrease in blood pressure. These drugs work in a damper manner, and one agent can be used to treat several types of cardiovascular problems.
Some drugs can be used to treat low blood pressure that occurs when you stand (orthostatic hypotension). For example, fludrocortisone drugs that increase blood volume. In the case of chronic orthostatic hygiene, the doctor will prescribe midodrine (Orvaten) medication.
Some other ways to deal with hypotension
In addition to prescribing medication, doctors will usually also advise you to change your lifestyle and daily habits to deal with low blood pressure. One of them is eating high-salt foods. Salt contains sodium which functions to increase blood pressure. In addition, you can also use the following methods:
- Drink more water. Fluid can increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration.
- Use compression stockings. Elastic stockings commonly used to relieve pain and swelling of varicose veins can help reduce the pooling of blood in your feet.
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