There are several types of diabetes, including type 1 and type 2. There are also types of diabetes during pregnancy, known as gestational diabetes. Well, you may often hear that diabetes 1 is caused by hereditary factors while type 2 diabetes is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle.
Usually glucose (sugar) levels in the blood are controlled by the insulin hormone produced by the pancreas. Well, diabetes itself occurs due to interference with the hormone insulin in the body. Disruption of the hormone insulin causes sugar can not be converted into energy sources needed by the body, but only accumulates in the blood. This is what is meant by high blood sugar.
Differentiating between type 1 and 2 diabetes
Actually, the main difference between these two types of diabetes lies in the condition of insulin in the body. People with type 1 diabetes may not have insulin at all. This is because the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells that are responsible for producing insulin.
In type 2 diabetes, you still produce the hormone insulin (but maybe a little). Unfortunately, your body cannot use insulin to process sugar effectively. This condition is called insulin resistance. This type of diabetes attacks more people.
Apart from these main differences, there are a number of things that indicate the difference between the two types of diabetes.
1. Patient body weight in general
In type 1 diabetes, the body mass index or body mass index (the standard used to measure whether your weight and height are quite proportional) is usually ideal. Whereas in the early cases of type 2 diabetes, patients are usually overweight or even obese.
Want to know whether your body is proportional and ideal? Calculate with the body mass index calculator in this link or at bit.ly/indeksmassatubuh.
2. Symptoms and signs
There are several symptoms that are the same or different in both types of diabetes. The same symptoms are continued thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue easily.
While there are several other symptoms not shown by type 1 diabetes, namely blurred vision, infection of the skin, dry and itchy skin, wounds that heal for a long time, body parts such as numb feet.
3. Development of the disease
The second type of diabetes occurs slowly and gradually. Therefore, there are usually no symptoms that are felt in the early days of type 2 diabetes.
Whereas in the first type of diabetes, the occurrence is rapid and the symptoms can be directly severe (acute), for example ketoacidosis. Although ketoacidosis can also occur in type 2 diabetes.
Then, which type of diabetes is more dangerous?
This question is actually difficult to find an answer because it cannot be compared, both of them have their own characteristics. In addition, the body of each person varies so that the response to diabetes treatment is also different for the patients.
Not to mention the patient's lifestyle greatly determines the success rate of diabetes treatment. If after being diagnosed the patient does not maintain his diet, rarely exercise, lack of sleep, smoke, and does not routinely check blood sugar, diabetes that had not been too severe can become more serious.
Type 1 does require insulin for a lifetime rather than type 2. However, type 2 can also require insulin (although not everyone) in large numbers because of insulin resistance.
Type 2 can be experienced for many years without being diagnosed from the start until finally diabetes is found along with its complications. Well, who can make this type of diabetes so dangerous, namely its complications. Diabetes can lead to other dangerous diseases such as stroke, hypertension, and kidney failure.
While people with type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed quickly, even as a child. However, this is because usually the symptoms that appear can be severe immediately. In fact, according to a report in Diabetes in the UK 2010: Key Statistics on Diabetes in the UK, the life expectancy of patients with type 1 diabetes can be reduced by up to 20 years. While the life expectancy of type 2 diabetes patients may decrease by 10 years.
However, once again this number is uncertain. Not that people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes will die faster than those who have type 2 diabetes. By living a healthy lifestyle and following your doctor's advice, you can still control your diabetes.
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