What is anti-extractablenuclear antigen?
Anti-extractablenuclear Antigen (Anti-ENA) tests can generally be done after the ANA test results are positive. Both of these tests are used to detect autoimmune diseases. There are four types of Anti-ENA tests that are used to help doctors diagnose diseases such as mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjogren's syndrome. 6 types of Anti-ENA can help doctors diagnose Cystic Fibrosis, polyyositis and dermatomyositis.
When should I undergo anti-extractablenuclear antigen?
This test is recommended if you have symptoms of an autoimmune disease or have a positive result from the previous ANA test. Symptoms of autoimmune diseases are often very diverse in different parts of the body. Some examples of symptoms:
● fever and persistent fatigue
● muscle pain
● swelling and pain in the joint
● ultraviolet sensitive
● protein in urine
● neurological diseases such as epilepsy, depression
Prevention & amp; warning
What should I know before undergoing anti-extractablenuclear antigen?
The two most common tests are Smith's (SM) and ribonucleoprotein (RNP). If your test results are negative but the symptoms continue, your doctor will do this test again. Also if you have been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, the doctor will do a test again to monitor the progress of the disease. It is important for you to understand the warnings above before running this test. If you have questions, consult your doctor for further information and instructions.
What should I do before undergoing anti-extractablenuclear antigen?
Your doctor will explain the test process to you. This test is a blood test. You do not need to make special preparations, other than stopping eating and drinking before taking the test. You are recommended to wear clothes with short sleeves to facilitate the process of taking blood.
What is the anti-extractablenuclear antigen process?
Medical personnel in charge of taking blood You will take the following steps:
● wrap an elastic belt around your upper arm to stop the blood flow. This makes the blood vessels under the bond enlarge making it easier to inject the needle into the vessels
● clean the part to be injected with alcohol
● inject a needle into a blood vessel. More than one needle may be needed.
● attach the tube to the syringe to fill it with blood
● removing the ties from your arms when taking blood is enough.
● attach gauze or cotton to the part that was injected after finishing the injection
● puts pressure on the part and then installs the bandage
What should I do after undergoing anti-extractablenuclear antigen?
The doctor or nurse will take your blood sample. Pain depends on the skills of the nurse, the condition of the arteries and your sensitivity to pain. After the blood collection process, you are recommended to bandage with a bandage and lightly press your blood vessels to stop bleeding. You can move as usual after undergoing tests.
If you have questions about the process of this test, consult a doctor to understand further.
Explanation of Test Results
What do the test results mean to me?
Normal results: negative.
Increased number of SM antibodies:
-systemic lupus erythermatosus
Increased number of RNP antibodies:
- systemic lupus erythematosus
- mixed connective tissue disease
- discoid lupus erythematosus
Antibody enhancement JoI:
- pulmonary fibrosis
- autoimmune myositis
The results of the Anti-extractablenuclear Antigen test can vary depending on the laboratory. Consult your doctor if you have questions about the results of the test. Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.