After removing the stirrup, you are usually recommended to use a dental retainer. Maybe some people will feel uncomfortable because they have to use another tool in their mouth. Actually, how much does a dental retainer need? What should be considered when choosing the tool?
Why do I need a dental retainer?
The most common reason you need to use a dental retainer is to maintain the position of your teeth that have just been repaired with the stirrup to stay in its proper position.
Retainer is very important, because if it's not done, the teeth that have been trimmed with stirrups can shift again. This can make the use of your stirrup previously useless. This condition is called the relapse condition
The doctor will then determine how long a person will use this retainer. Some use it for 3 months, a year or more. In addition, there is also a doctor instructed to use a retainer all day or a certain time.
What retainer is suitable for me?
What type of retainer should you use, you should discuss it first with the dentist. Everyone needs a different retainer, the type, duration of use, and position of use of the retainer. For the position, some are used in front, there is also a retainer that is used behind the teeth so it is not too visible.
Removable retainer itself
One type of retainer that you often find is a removable retainer. Retainer like this will be easier to clean after eating. Because, you can release it first when you want to eat and you can clean the retainer part directly.
However, it does require a higher awareness to use a retainer model that can escape you. Some other disadvantages when choosing a retainer are:
- Can be lost if it is not stored properly
- Easily damaged if left lying
- Causes excessive saliva production.
- Bacteria are more prone to grow on it because the retainer will often go in and out of the mouth
Even though it has disadvantages, it makes it easier to maintain the cleanliness of this type of retainer. However, the main problem with users of this type of retainer is that they often forget to use the retainer and can even make their previously trimmed teeth mess again because the retainer does not use regularly.
A permanent retainer consists of solid wire braided curved to fit the shape of your teeth. This retainer is also called a lingual wire or bonded retainer. This type of retainer cannot be removed by your dentist alone.
According to dentists, recurrence will occur less if you use this permanent retainer. Because, this retainer will not be removed by its use, it will always stick to the teeth and maintain the position of the teeth.
The retainer material also varies
A hawley type retainer is also called a wire retainer. Even though it is from wire, this retainer can still be removed. This retainer is made of thin metal wire, and there is a little mixture of plastic and acrylic. This hawley retainer will be used along the lower teeth and also on the upper teeth.
There are a number of advantages and disadvantages that you need to understand before starting to choose:
- Retainer can be adjusted in more detail or better with the position of the teeth than other types of retainer
- This retainer is more durable
- This retainer can last for years if treated properly
- The use of this type of dental retainer slightly affects your ability to speak because there is a foreign object in the mouth
- Wire can irritate your lips and cheeks so you need proper prevention.
Hawley retainer is now also available, which has transparent wire. This can be an option for those who don't want colored wire.
This dental retainer includes a self-removable retainer. The name of this type of retainer is often referred to as a vacuum retainer or thermoplastic retainer.
This retainer is printed to fit the new position of your teeth after using the stirrup.
When discussing this plastic retainer, there are 3 major brands of plastic retainer that are the most widely used, vivera, essix, and zendura. This plastic retainer has become more popular and often used compared to Hawley retainer.
Of course this retainer also has its own advantages and disadvantages, namely:
- This type of retainer is not very obvious because the color is transparent, so people are more confident and comfortable using it.
- This retainer usually feels more comfortable than Hawley because it's not too thick.
- Using this retainer does not really affect your speaking conditions
- If this type of retainer is damaged, for example broken or cracked, it cannot be repaired, it must be replaced completely, different from the hawley type.
- Can be curved if exposed to heat.
- The transparent color can change more and more frequently, so it looks like getting dirty will be visible.
To know which one is suitable, you should discuss it with your doctor and adjust it to your budget. The selected dental retainer must be right, because you will use the retainer for a long time for years.
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