The condition of low blood pressure or hypotension usually requires treatment if it causes symptoms. Hypotension is usually diagnosed when blood pressure reaches 90/60 or less, and is followed by several symptoms including dizziness, dehydration, difficulty concentrating, nausea, cold and damp skin, breathing becomes hunted, fatigue, feeling very thirsty, blurred vision, until fainting (loss of consciousness ).
People who are physically fit, have a proportional weight, are accustomed to eating nutritious foods, and do not smoke, if indeed they naturally have blood pressure that tends to be low and do not have problems with their condition, there is no need to worry because usually handling is rarely needed .
What causes low blood pressure?
- Stand too long
- Take a medication that lowers blood pressure
- There are effects from other health problems that are owned such as there is a severe infection, there is bleeding in the digestive tract, or there is a problem with the heart
- Trauma such as severe bleeding or severe burns
- Pregnancy conditions, usually in the 24th week of pregnancy blood pressure tends to decrease
How to increase low blood pressure?
To deal with low blood pressure, it actually depends again based on what causes it and what symptoms appear. The goal is to increase blood pressure back to normal.
1. Increase fluid intake
Fluid can increase blood volume and prevent dehydration, which are both very important for the treatment of hypotension. Drink at least 8 glasses per day plus foods that contain lots of water such as vegetables and fruit. More fluid will increase blood volume, and an increase in the amount of blood will increase the pressure in the arteries.
2. Increase sodium (salt) intake
Sodium is a mineral available in salt. In addition to salt, vegetables, fruit, and sports drinks also contain sodium which can be a source of sodium intake for people with hypotension. Foods or drinks that contain sodium are actually available in various sources because most types of food do contain salt.
3. Avoid alcoholic drinks
Alcohol can lead to dehydration or lack of fluids. The more fluid you lose from your body, the lower your blood pressure.
4. Check your medication
Certain medications can actually reduce your blood pressure. So, pay attention to the symptoms of blood pressure going down especially after taking certain medications. Consult your doctor about taking this drug. If necessary, the doctor will adjust the dosage or type of medication.
5. Avoid standing too long
Not standing too long can prevent the occurrence of blood pressure to be lower which is affected by nerve conditions. There are some people who experience low blood pressure with this type of orthostatic hypotension. In this condition, the person when standing at least 3 minutes can experience a decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mmHg and diastole 10 mmHg compared to their blood pressure when sitting or lying down. So, people who have low blood pressure with this condition must reduce standing activity.
6. Use tight long socks
This method is called compression stocking, which is the use of elastic and tight socks or tight pants. The purpose of this method is to provide extra pressure on the legs to the lower abdomen. The emphasis is on these socks to improve circulation and increase blood pressure. However, this method must be consulted with a doctor first because not everyone complies with this method.
7. Take medication
There are several medicines that are specifically for cases of low blood pressure. If drugs are needed the working principle of the drug by increasing blood volume or narrowing the arteries so that blood pressure will increase because there will be more blood flowing through the smaller space. The use of these drugs is certainly based on a doctor's prescription.
8. Hospital care
If you have severe dehydration, people with low blood pressure will be given an infusion in the hospital to increase their fluid intake through blood vessels. Overcoming the condition of dehydration will increase low blood pressure
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